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Dissemination Event for the School of Law HEIF-Funded Research Project - Equality, Access, and Inclusion: Small Business in the Bradford District and Government-funded Financial Support and Recovery Plans for Covid-19

As we know, COVID-19 had serious impacts on all aspects of our lives. Businesses were also significantly impacted by COVID-19. This was more so for smaller businesses that lacked the resilience that larger businesses had to mitigate the effect of the lockdowns and other restrictions that were introduced to address the pandemic. The United Kingdom government announced several initiatives including financial support schemes and recovery plans to cushion the effect of the pandemic on businesses and stimulate economic recovery. The schemes were mainly administered by local authorities, including the City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council (CBMDC).

Against this backdrop, the University of Bradford School of Law undertook a study between May and July 2021 to assess the inclusivity and accessibility of the schemes for businesses, particularly micro and small businesses within the Bradford District. This was done between April and June 2021, in partnership with the Economy & Development, Department of Place, City of Bradford District Metropolitan Council (CBDMC); Yorkshire Asian Business Association (YABA); and FoMLSS Knowledge Transfer Network (KTN). The study was funded by the Higher Education Innovation Fund and entailed a mixed research approach (qualitative and quantitative), involving the use of literature review, survey of businesses and focus group discussion.

Following the completion of the study, the School of Law hosted a dissemination event on 21st June 2022, which allowed vigorous discussion of the findings. The key takeaway from the findings and discussion were as follows:

  • Awareness of the various schemes was quite high, at nearly 76%. However, this means that over 24% of the respondents, comprising the more vulnerable businesses that needed the help the most, were unaware of the schemes.
  • Digital exclusion was a main factor affecting awareness of the schemes as well as the ability to apply.
  • Meeting the eligibility criteria was also a challenge for some, especially newer businesses.

This led to further discussions about improving digital inclusion and equity, rethinking the scope of the eligibility criteria for financial support schemes, and harnessing the third and fourth pillars of policy making process (i.e., the voluntary and informal sectors and the policy beneficiaries).

Participants also exchanged ideas on potential avenues for future collaboration with the University and in particular with the School of Law, to support in providing solutions to some of the key issues identified by the study. This includes working with the government and policy makers to design equitable, accessible and inclusive policies, strategies and interventions to support local businesses as we move to a post-COVID-19 recovery phase. Additionally, local businesses can be further supported through the pro bono legal services from the School of Law’s Law Clinic – Bradford Justice.


Law in a Time of Global Change

Online School of Law Summer School

6 June – 14 June 2022

Join a cohort of our global student community to explore some of the key legal issues ​arising from the changes in our world, focussing on current topics in in international commercial law, regulation of technology, sustainability and human rights and inclusion.

To register please click  here.

Mock-trial competition in collaboration with Proctor & Hobbs Solicitors.

Mock-Trial Competition and a chance to win a car, entries , live-streamed mock-trials  30th May - 13th June 2022

Proctor and Hobbs Solicitors is holding a mock-trail competition in collaboration with the School of Law. The competition is open exclusively to students of the University of Bradford with an element of law in their degree. The winner of the completion will be awarded a smart car.

For furthuer infomation click here.


Upcoming events

For the latest events, please visit our University events section.

Annual Law Lecture 2022 : Andrew Skipper 

Speaker: Andrew Skipper, Senior Counsel Chair of Africa Practice, Hogan Lovells

"Global Challenges and Ethical Solutions: What Role for the Twenty-First Century Lawyer?"

In the C/21 lawyers have a fast-developing global role which is taking us well beyond the pure application of law. At the same time, the law itself is becoming more complex, so the need for the legal profession to deliver informed ethical solutions and not just present problems is paramount. Lawyers now find themselves at the centre of a range of complex global issues where they can make a difference for good or for ill. Andrew Skipper has practised as a commercial lawyer for 36 years in the domestic and international market and in the private and public sectors, as well as being heavily engaged in arts and business in Africa. In this lecture he will outline his approach to being a commercial lawyer, and how this links with a number of issues facing the developing world, and Africa in particular. These will include a focus on the need to understand and respect markets and cultures, the impact of demographics and climate change on issues such as the “just transition” in the context of COP 27, issues of diversity and representation, and the commercial opportunities presented by the Africa Continental Free Trade Agreement (AfCFTA). This is a personal view derived from experience.


 Andrew has over 35 years’ legal experience at the same law firm, Hogan Lovells, and is currently Chair of its Africa Practice. He was head of Hogan Lovells global corporate practice and on their international management committee for 10 years. He is also a member of the working group on legal services for UK-Nigeria Economic Development Forum (EDF). In the wider world, Andrew is Co-chair of the UK government's Africa Investors Group, a member of the Council of the Royal Africa Society and on the board of South Africa Chamber of Commerce in the UK. Andrew is vice chair of the advisory board of the Smithsonian National Museum of African Art, and is on the advisory Board of the Art Fair 1-54. He is a regular commentator on African affairs, hosting a popular podcast called the A Perspective Podcast.

Registration and networking: 5.00pm (Norcroft Centre Lounge)

Lecture: 5:45pm to 7:00pm

To register please click here

World Water Day Lecture 2022 Lecture 

The University of Bradford School of Law is delighted to invite you to World Water Day Lecture.

Date and Time: Tuesday 22nd March 2022, 13:00 – 14:30 (GMT)

Guest Speaker: Professor Joyeeta Gupta

Professor Joyeeta Gupta was co-chair of UNEP’s Global Environment Outlook-6 (2016-2019), published by Cambridge University Press, which was presented to governments participating in the United Nations Environment Assembly in 2019, and won the Association of American Publishers PROSE award for Environmental Science. She is presently co-chair of the Earth Commission (2019-2021), set up by Future Earth, together with Johan Rockström and Dahe Qin.


Regsiter here:


International Womens Day Events 2022

Tuesday 8th March – 5pm to 6.30pm – The International Women’s Day 2022  online lecture is organised by the School of Law, University of Bradford, to celebrate the outstanding accomplishments of Women in Law, and this year, we shall be celebrating the outstanding accomplishments of Judge Patrice Wellesley-Cole (retired) a woman lawyer, renowned civil society leader, and a retired Judge in the London Immigration, Asylum and Human rights Tribunal. Further information about this event can be found on the following Eventbrite registration page:


Thursday 10th March, 5pm to 6.30pm - University of Bradford School of Law: International Women’s Day Panel, Richmond D Floor (D4)/ JSB Lecture Theatre. The International Women’s Day 2022 lecture is organised by the School of Law, University of Bradford, to celebrate the outstanding accomplishments of Women in Law, and this year, we shall be celebrating the outstanding accomplishments of Judge Patrice Wellesley-Cole (retired) a woman lawyer, renowned civil society leader, and a retired Judge in the London Immigration, Asylum and Human rights Tribunal. Further information about this event can be found on the following page:


Climate Change: Red Hot Challenge 

As part of events to mark the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP 26) held at Glasgow from 31 October- 12 November, the School of Law, University of Bradford, hosted on online symposium on the theme: Climate Change: A Red Hot Challenge.

 COP26 was held against the backdrop of an increasing urgency for global action to address the climate change challenge. The general consensus is that climate change action requires joined-up action from diverse sectors, disciplines and stakeholders. This is amidst concerns that the level of ambition for reduction of greenhouse gases and the amount of resources committed to adaptation is nowhere close to the required levels for the protection of the most vulnerable populations that are increasingly facing the negative impacts of climate change. Against this backdrop that the panel explored some of the urgent issues, challenges and opportunities for climate action from the perspective of institutions, the business and energy community, and the wider public.

 A key theme of the discussions was the central role which law and institutions play in providing a supporting framework for process against the broader socio-political background for global action. Members of the panel, all experts in climate change law and policy were drawn from academia and law practice.

Professor Prathivadi B. AnandHead of Department of Peace Studies and International Development at the University of Bradford, discussed the role of institutions, including academic institutions, and their formal and informal rules and enforcement characteristics, which altogether influence climate change action.

Professor Raphael Heffron, Professor for Global Energy Law & Sustainability at the Centre for Energy, Petroleum and Mineral Law and Policy at the University of Dundee, challenged the dominant focus on energy transition vis-à-vis prioritising diversification of the energy portfolio at the expense of polluting technology.

Tim LloydAttorney at the Centre for Environmental Rightsillustrated experiences with strategic litigation against coal projects through the example of the Deadly Air case in the Mpumalanga province of South Africa. This and other similar strategic litigations based on ‘climate harms’ have emerged as an important catalyst for driving the just transition process.

Professor Engobo EmesehHead of School of Law at the University of Bradford, who chaired the panel emphasised the need to ensure that there was a just transition towards clean energy and prioritisation of the needs of vulnerable populations in the transition process. She drew on her research in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria as evidence of the need to prioritise justice and human wellbeing.

 A recurring message from the panel was the importance of joined-up action not only from key actors in the climate change law and policy institutions and processes, but also from the public. There was a resounding call to action to all participants to commit to making small changes in their personal lives and be part of the solution to the climate challenge. 

 Link to the event recording 

Passcode: #RLAXdx8

 Have you taken the voluntary Sustainability pledge yet? It takes a couple of minutes. Please take it right now: 

Mock trial competition

Competition adjourned… for now. That’s after Proctor & Hobbs Solicitors announced the six shortlisted candidates for the inaugural mock trial competition that they are holding in partnership with the University of Bradford. Students have been sending in their submissions throughout the month of July, which consisted of them having to mention three interesting facts about themselves, followed by why they wish to be a lawyer and their favourite case. It was a very difficult and strenuous process to narrow it down to just six, nevertheless following very careful deliberation, Babita Dhand, Joseph Corina, Katie Siobhan, Shaikhul Amin, Tkay Agama and Wiktoria Lenkiewicz were all successful in the initial application stage. Congratulations to those who were not only shortlisted but also took part and entered in the competition.

These lucky six will now be prepared by the team at Proctor & Hobbs for the next stage of the competition which consists of them being pitted against each other in three mock trial scenarios and battling it out in a unique courtroom setting over at the University of Bradford, all to determine who will be crowned the best of the rest. The First trial is scheduled to begin on Monday 6th September 2021 with the second on Wednesday 8th September 2021 and the final trial on Friday 10th September 2021. All three will be exclusively live streamed on the Proctor & Hobbs YouTube channel and upon completion of the final trial, the voting lines will open to the general public for one whole week so that they may cast their vote for whom they think was the best advocate. 

Public voting will amount to 40% of the overall result with the remaining 60% to be decided by a panel of Solicitors, Barristers and Lecturers. The winning candidate will be gifted their very own smart car by Proctor & Hobbs Solicitors. So stay tuned for advancements on the competition on the Proctor & Hobbs Instagram/ YouTube platforms. 

Mel Nebhrajani: International Women’s Day 2021 Lecture

We are really pleased to have hosted Mel Nebhrajani CB - Director of Litigation, Litigation Group, UK Government Legal Department, as guest speaker for the School of Law, University of Bradford, International Women’s Day 2021 lecture. It was an inspiring evening, with Mel Nebhrajani CB delivering a lecture entitled: “Your Career Journey, Leadership, and Emotional Resilience”.

Link to event recording: Passcode: uwq&V6^3

Further information

Law Summer School 2020

Our June 2020 programme is archived below.  Check back in our events page for the programme for the 2021 Summer School Programme.

Monday 15 June

'Law in a Time of Global Change' 

Perhaps more than at any other time in history, rapid advances in technology is prompting dramatic changes in all aspects of human interactions. Globalisation and the interconnection facilitated by the internet has blurred traditional lines of space and boundaries. Innovative technologies such as blockchain and artificial intelligence are revolutionising all sectors of human activities. How is the law to respond to the challenges of regulating this brave new world? The School of Law intends to grapple with this question - focusing on Artificial Intelligence, Covid-19, and Climate Change.

Heroes on the Frontline - Employment rights within the Gig Economy 

Together with more casual ‘employees’, members of the ‘gig economy’ workforce are no longer forgotten since the Covid-19 pandemic. However, such workers and even those with the recently confirmed ‘key worker’ status have less protection in employment law protection than employees, and they are subject to enduring financial exploitation. The ‘Deliveroo and Uber cases’ and the Covid-19 crisis have shown how necessary it is for the judiciary and the government to consider more the employment law status and therefore the rights of workers in the gig economy.

Tuesday 16 June

Climate Change Mitigation - Opportunities and Challenges 

Tackling climate change has proved tricky due to technological, economic and socio-political factors. What are the key challenges to regulation at international and national levels? What are the opportunities and challenges? What lessons, if any, can the policy responses to COVID 19 and the adaptation strategies provide in future to nations and businesses in mitigating global green-house gasses? Crucial to our discussions will be a broad discussion of the underlying principles, regulatory approaches, and the role of science and technology as an intrinsic part of the solution to climate change.

Wednesday 17 June

Regulation of Artificial Intelligence - The Latest Legal Developments 

Artificial Intelligence (AI) remains in the centre of attention of policymakers and regulators. Current proposals for the regulating AI range from no or minimal central legal interventions, to extensive state involvement. The “minimalists” favour the use of soft-law to provide limited non-obligatory guidance to the industry which therefore will have to take the main responsibility for developing and policing the AI standards. The “maximalists” favour strong public controls through mandatory rules and extended state supervision. There are also those who favour a mix of policies in seeking a median solution.  

Thursday 18 June

Policing and Security Response to Covid-19

Measures in the Coronavirus Act 2020 and The Health Protection (Coronavirus) Regulations 2020 have given the UK public officials sweeping powers to fundamentally interrupt daily life. While there may be general agreement that such powers are necessary as we deal with the unprecedented impact of COVID-19, the expansion in executive and police power and the encroachment on civil liberties is similarly unprecedented in modern times. This session will consider some of these powers. The speaker will also be keen to hear your view on the appropriateness of the measures and the response.

Bradford Cultural Virtual Tour 

Brew yourself a nice cup of Yorkshire Tea and sit back to relax with this virtual tour of Bradford's hidden highlights. We will show you some of the many exciting and interesting aspects of Bradford's culture and heritage through the local area. We shall see the work and activities which celebrate Bradford's recognition as a UNESCO City of Film with its excellent Science and Media Museum, and also the architectural gems of the city plus the model workers' village of the suburban Saltaire, a UNESCO site, and more!

Friday 19 June

‘Cat Bond’ as Reinsurance for Disaster Financing

Natural disasters such as destructive hurricanes have occurred over the past two decades, and more disasters are likely to occur in the not-usually foreseeable future. Finance is essential for ensuring post-disaster resilience and sustainable development. In this session, we will see how catastrophe bond, often known as ‘cat bond’ and as a kind of reinsurance, is relevant to disaster financing. Questions to be explored are: What is ‘cat bond’? What are the key elements of the legal framework for a cat bond to operate? What technologies are essential for it?

Presentations, Awards and Closing Ceremony 

Be recognised for your efforts in attending the full programme of the School of Law Summer School. Hear presentations and feedback and participate in the awards and closing ceremony with Prof Engobo Emeseh, Head of School of Law. 

School of Law | PGR research seminars 2021/22

Seminar 1 ¦ Wednesday 6 October 2021 ¦ 1pm-2.30pm MS Teams

Presentations by PhD Researchers Believe Edemadide, Aleksandra Marcinkowska and Ebiemere Osaro + Q&A session

Seminar 2 ¦ Wednesday 3 November 2021 ¦ 1pm-2.30pm MS Teams

‘Publishing from your PhD’ - Dr Tom McMeeking, School of Politics and International Relations, University of Leeds

Presentation by PhD Researcher Luke Steele

Seminar 3 ¦ Wednesday 1 December 2021 ¦ 1pm-2.30pm MS Teams

Research Ethics and the Ethical Approval Process - Dr Chris Taylor, School of Law, University of Bradford

Presentation by PhD Researcher Nigel Pitchford