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Referencing and plagiarism

On this page you will find information about the University of Bradford referencing styles, advice about referencing tools and top tips about referencing. We also provide information on plagiarism, how to avoid it, consequences for plagiarism and FAQs.

University of Bradford referencing styles

Your faculty or division has a preferred referencing style. You should be given guidance as to which is the correct style for your course. 

For guidance on referencing, contact your subject librarian or personal tutor.

Referencing tools

There are free online tools that will help you reference your work in official University of Bradford referencing styles: University of Bradford – HarvardOSCOLA (Law) and APA7 (Psychology). The ones that work best are Bibcitation, MyBib or ZoteroBib. All of them are easy to use, and will create citations and references that you can paste into your work.

One that we do not recommend is called citethisforme. This one works poorly and could lose you marks.

Help with these tools is given on their websites: Bibcitation, MyBib or ZoteroBib. See also Referencing tools: top ten tips

If you need help with organising, annotating, deduplicating, or sharing your sources, try EndNote.

Why do you need to reference and cite correctly?

Citations and References are needed in your assignments to show:

  • acknowledgement of the original creator of the work (be it a book, journal, website etc.)
  • evidence to back up your argument
  • to enable others to investigate your area of research more fully

Using citations and referencing properly will help you:

  • avoid plagiarism, and
  • increase your grades - check your marking scheme as there are marks awarded for proper referencing.

Insert a citation into the text (using whichever style of referencing you have been told to use) at the exact point where you are referring to the work. You will also need to include the full reference in a bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.

Find out more about plagiarism, Turnitin and good academic practice.

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