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Dr Muhammad Faisal

Assistant Professor in Biostatistics

Faculty/Dept/School Faculty of Health Studies


Muhammad Faisal is a Assistant Professor in Biostatistics in Faculty of Health Studies, University of Bradford. Before joining the University of Bradford in January 2015, I was Assistant Professor of Bioinformatics at Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad (Pakistan). My research expertise lies in the development and external validation of clinical prediction model.

I have been involved in the linkage of large novel data sets such as the Born in Bradford research data linkage with primary and secondary care data. Currently, I am working on a variety of projects that deal with applied statistical such as developing computer aided-risk score for sepsis (CARS) and death (CARM) and bioinformatics challenges such as exploring ‘spelling mistake’ at  DNA level in  Born in Bradford (BiB) participants with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) using exome sequencing data. I have been involved in establishing an NHS-R community to exploit the power of R for the NHS, which is funded by the Health Foundation.

Research interests

  • Clinical Prediction Modelling
  • Big Data Analysis & Causal Inference
  • Statistical Genomics & Bioinformatics 


Date Role Title / Description Funder Award
01-OCT-15 - Lead StatisticanDevelopment of computer-aided risk scores for predicting mortality & sepsis


Teaching interests

Medical statistics using SPSS

An introduction to R & Stata

Professional activities

  • English
  • Urdu


TitleImplementation and clinical utility of a Computer-Aided Risk Score for Mortality (CARM): a qualitative study. (2023)
AuthorsDyson J;McCrorie C;Benn J;Richardson D;Marsh C;Bowskill G;Double K;Gallagher J;Faisal M;Mohammed MA;
JournalBMJ Open
TitleStrategic workforce planning in health and social care - an international perspective: A scoping review (2023)
AuthorsSutton, C., Prowse, J., McVey, L., Elshehaly, M., Neagu, D., Montague, J., Alvarado, N., Tissiman, C., O'Connell, K., Eyers, E., Faisal, M. and Randell, R.
JournalHealth Policy
TitleThe impact of dementia education on student paramedics preparedness to care, knowledge, confidence, and attitudes towards dementia: an analytic survey (2023)
AuthorsJones, D., Capstick, A., Faisal, M., Frankland, J
JournalBritish Paramedic Journal
PublisherBritish Paramedic Journal
TitleResearching nurses' use of digital technology during the COVID-19 pandemic. (2023)
AuthorsDowding D;Skyrme S;Randell R;Newbould L;Faisal M;Hardiker N;
JournalNursing standard (Royal College of Nursing (Great Britain) : 1987)
TitleA Missense Mutation (c.1037 G > C, p. R346P) in PAPSS2 Gene Results in Autosomal Recessive form of Brachyolmia Type 1 (Hobaek Form) in A Consanguineous Family. (2022)
AuthorsMustafa S;Hussain MF;Latif M;Ijaz M;Asif M;Hassan M;Faisal M;Iqbal F;
TitleDevelopment and validation of automated computer-aided risk scores to predict in-hospital mortality for emergency medical admissions with COVID-19: a retrospective cohort development and validation study. (2022)
AuthorsFaisal M;Mohammed M;Richardson D;Fiori M;Beatson K;
JournalBMJ Open
TitleUse of the first National Early Warning Score recorded within 24 hours of admission to estimate the risk of in-hospital mortality in unplanned COVID-19 patients: a retrospective cohort study. (2021)
AuthorsRichardson D;Faisal M;Fiori M;Beatson K;Mohammed M;
JournalBMJ Open
TitlePredictive accuracy of enhanced versions of the on-admission National Early Warning Score in estimating the risk of COVID-19 for unplanned admission to hospital: a retrospective development and validation study. (2021)
AuthorsFaisal M;Mohammed MA;Richardson D;Steyerberg EW;Fiori M;Beatson K;
JournalBMC Health Services Research
TitleFidelity and the impact of patient safety huddles on teamwork and safety culture: an evaluation of the Huddle Up for Safer Healthcare (HUSH) project. (2021)
AuthorsLamming L;Montague J;Crosswaite K;Faisal M;McDonach E;Mohammed MA;Cracknell A;Lovatt A;Slater B;
JournalBMC Health Services Research
TitleUsing a smartphone on the move: do visual constraints explain why we slow walking speed? (2021)
AuthorsAlejandro Rubio Barañano, Muhammad Faisal, Brendan, T Barrett, and John G Buckley*
JournalExperimental Brain Research
PublisherSpringer Nature
TitleAssociations Between Anticholinergic Medication Exposure and Adverse Health Outcomes in Older People with Frailty: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. (2021)
AuthorsMehdizadeh D;Hale M;Todd O;Zaman H;Marques I;Petty D;Alldred DP;Johnson O;Faisal M;Gardner P;Clegg A;
JournalDrugs - Real World Outcomes
TitleOn the more generalized non-parametric framework for the propagation of uncertainty in drought monitoring (2020)
AuthorsAli Z.;Hussain I.;Faisal M.;Grzegorczyk M.;Qamar S.;Shoukry A.M.;Sharkawy M.A.W.;Gani S.
JournalMeteorological Applications
TitleBayesian network based procedure for regional drought monitoring: The Seasonally Combinative Regional Drought Indicator (2020)
AuthorsAli Z.;Hussain I.;Grzegorczyk M.A.;Ni G.;Faisal M.;Qamar S.;Shoukry A.M.;Wahab Sharkawy M.A.;Gani S.;Al-Deek F.F.
JournalJournal of Environmental Management
TitleAssociation between the nationality of nurses and safety culture in maternity units of Oman (2020)
AuthorsAl Nadabi W.;Faisal M.;Mohammed M.A.
JournalEastern Mediterranean health journal = La revue de sante de la Mediterranee orientale = al-Majallah al-sihhiyah li-sharq al-mutawassit
TitleA novel generalized combinative procedure for Multi-Scalar standardized drought Indices-The long average weighted joint aggregative criterion (2020)
AuthorsAli Z.;Almanjahie I.M.;Hussain I.;Ismail M.;Faisal M.
JournalTellus, Series A: Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography
TitleA novel homozygous missense variant in MATN3 causes spondylo-epimetaphyseal dysplasia Matrilin 3 type in a consanguineous family (2020)
AuthorsYasin S.;Mustafa S.;Ayesha A.;Latif M.;Hassan M.;Faisal M.;Makitie O.;Iqbal F.;Naz S.
JournalEuropean Journal of Medical Genetics
TitleNovel missense variants in FGFR1 and FGFR3 causes short stature in enrolled families from Pakistan (2020)
AuthorsMustafa S.;Akhtar Z.;Asif M.;Amjad M.;Ijaz M.;Latif M.;Hassan M.;Faisal M.;Iqbal F.
JournalMeta Gene
TitleA novel nonsense mutation in NPR2 gene causing Acromesomelic dysplasia, type Maroteaux in a consanguineous family in Southern Punjab (Pakistan) (2020)
AuthorsMustafa S.;Akhtar Z.;Latif M.;Hassan M.;Faisal M.;Iqbal F.
JournalGenes and Genomics
TitleA Novel Framework for Selecting Informative Meteorological Stations Using Monte Carlo Feature Selection (MCFS) Algorithm (2020)
AuthorsNiaz R.;Almanjahie I.M.;Ali Z.;Faisal M.;Hussain I.
JournalAdvances in Meteorology
TitlePropagation of the Multi-Scalar Aggregative Standardized Precipitation Temperature Index and its Application (2020)
AuthorsAli Z.;Hussain I.;Faisal M.;Khan D.;Niaz R.;Elashkar E.;Shoukry A.
JournalWater Resources Management
TitleEthnic differences in sedentary behaviour in 6-8-year-old children during school terms and school holidays: a mixed methods study. (2019)
AuthorsNagy LC;Horne M;Faisal M;Mohammed MA;Barber SE;
JournalBMC Public Health
TitleThe inclusion of delirium in version 2 of the National Early Warning Score will substantially increase the alerts for escalating levels of care: findings from a retrospective database study of emergency medical admissions in two hospitals (2019)
AuthorsMohammad, Mohammad A.; Faisal, Muhammad; Richardson, D.; Scally, Andy J.; Howes, R.; Beatson, K.; Irwin, S.; Speed, K.
TitleA prospective study of consecutive emergency medical admissions to compare a novel automated computer-aided mortality risk score and clinical judgement of patient mortality risk (2019)
AuthorsFaisal M.;Khatoon B.;Scally A.;Richardson D.;Irwin S.;Davidson R.;Heseltine D.;Corlett A.;Ali J.;Hampson R.;Kesavan S.;Mcgonigal G.;Goodman K.;Harkness M.;Mohammed M.
JournalBMJ Open
TitleFactors associated with accelerometer measured movement behaviours among White British and South Asian children aged 6-8 years during school terms and school holidays. (2019)
AuthorsNagy LC;Faisal M;Horne M;Collings P;Barber S;Mohammed M;
JournalBMJ Open
TitlePerformance of externally validated enhanced computer-aided versions of the National Early Warning Score in predicting mortality following an emergency admission to hospital in England: a cross-sectional study (2019)
AuthorsFaisal M.;Richardson D.;Scally A.;Howes R.;Beatson K.;Mohammed M.
JournalBMJ Open
TitleA framework to identify homogeneous drought characterization regions (2019)
AuthorsAli Z.;Hussain I.;Faisal M.;Shoukry A.;Gani S.;Ahmad I.
JournalTheorectical and Applied Climatology
TitleCharacterization of regional hydrological drought using improved precipitation records under multi-auxiliary information (2019)
AuthorsAli Z.;Hussain I.;Faisal M.;Grzegorczyk M.;Almanjahie I.;Nazeer A.;Ahmad I.
JournalTheorectical and Applied Climatology
TitleAn ensemble procedure for pattern recognition of regional drought (2019)
AuthorsAli Z.;Hussain I.;Faisal M.;Shad M.;Elashkar E.;Gani S.
JournalInternational Journal of Climatology
TitlePatient safety culture in Oman: A national study (2019)
AuthorsAl Nadabi W.;Faisal M.;Mohammed M.
JournalJournal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
TitleThe value of a Patient Access Portal in primary care: a cross-sectional survey of 62,486 registered users in the UK (2019)
AuthorsMohammed M.;Montague J.;Faisal M.;Lamming L.
JournalUniversal Access in the Information Society
TitleA Probabilistic Weighted Joint Aggregative Drought Index (PWJADI) Criterion for Drought Monitoring Systems. (2019)
AuthorsAli Z., Hussain I., Faisal M., Almanjahie I. M., Ahmad I., Khan D. M., Grzegorczyk M., Qamar S.
JournalTellus, Series A: Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography
TitleSelection of appropriate time scale with Boruta algorithm for regional drought monitoring using multi-scaler drought index (2019)
AuthorsAli Z.;Hussain I.;Faisal M.;Elashkar E.;Gani S.;Shehzad M.
JournalTellus, Series A: Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography
TitleA Probabilistic Weighted Joint Aggregative Drought Index (PWJADI) criterion for drought monitoring systems (2019)
AuthorsAli Z.;Hussain I.;Faisal M.;Almanjahie I.;Ahmad I.;Khan D.;Grzegorczyk M.;Qamar S.
JournalTellus, Series A: Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography
TitleAn improved framework to predict river flow time series data (2019)
AuthorsNazir H.;Hussain I.;Ahmad I.;Faisal M.;Almanjahie I.
TitleImproving the prediction accuracy of river inflow using two data pre- processing techniques coupled with data- driven model (2019)
AuthorsNazir H.;Hussain I.;Faisal M.;Elashkar E.;Shoukry A.
TitleThe inclusion of delirium in version 2 of the National Early Warning Score will substantially increase the alerts for escalating levels of care: findings from a retrospective database study of emergency medical admissions in two hospitals . (2019)
AuthorsMohammed MA;Faisal M;Richardson D;Scally A;Howes R;Beatson K;Irwin S;Speed K;
JournalClinical Medicine
TitleThe association between the nationality of nurses and safety culture in maternity care units of Oman. (2019)
AuthorsNadabi W.A., Faisal M., Mohammed M.A.
JournalEastern Mediterranean Health Journal
TitleDevelopment of Multidecomposition Hybrid Model for Hydrological Time Series Analysis (2019)
AuthorsNazir H.;Hussain I.;Faisal M.;Shoukry A.;Gani S.;Ahmad I.
TitleComputer-aided National Early Warning Score to predict the risk of sepsis following emergency medical admission to hospital: a model development and external validation study (2019)
AuthorsFaisal, Muhammad; Richardson, D.; Scally, Andy J.; Howes, R.; Beatson, K.; Speed, K.; Mohammad, Mohammad A.
TitleUnderstanding and applying practitioner and patient views on the implementation of a novel automated Computer-Aided Risk Score (CARS) predicting the risk of death following emergency medical admission to hospital: Qualitative study (2019)
AuthorsDyson J.;Marsh C.;Jackson N.;Richardson D.;Faisal M.;Scally A.;Mohammed M.
JournalBMJ Open
TitleImplication of OPRM1 A118G Polymorphism in Opioids Addicts in Pakistan: In vitro and In silico Analysis (2018)
AuthorsAhmed M.;ul Haq I.;Faisal M.;Waseem D.;Taqi M.
JournalJournal of Molecular Neuroscience
TitleCorrection to: Implication of OPRM1 A118G Polymorphism in Opioids Addicts in Pakistan: In vitro and In silico Analysis (Journal of Molecular Neuroscience, (2018), 65, 4, (472-479), 10.1007/s12031-018-1123-1) (2018)
AuthorsAhmed M.;ul Haq I.;Faisal M.;Waseem D.;Taqi M.
JournalJournal of Molecular Neuroscience
TitleDevelopment and external validation of an automated computer-aided risk score for predicting sepsis in emergency medical admissions using the patient’s first electronically recorded vital signs and blood test results (2018)
AuthorsFaisal, Muhammad; Scally, Andy J.; Richardson, D.; Beatson, K.; Howes, R.; Speed, K.; Mohammed, Mohammed A.
JournalCritical Care Medicine
TitleDevelopment and validation of a novel computer-aided score to predict the risk of in-hospital mortality for acutely ill medical admissions in two acute hospitals using their first electronically recorded blood test results and vital signs: a cross-sectional study (2018)
AuthorsFaisal, Muhammad; Scally, Andy J.; Jackson, N.; Richardson, D.; Beatson, K.; Howes, R.; Speed, K.; Menon, M.; Daws, J.; Dyson, J.; Marsh, C.; Mohammad, Mohammad A.
TitleA New Weighting Scheme in Weighted Markov Model for Predicting the Probability of Drought Episodes (2018)
AuthorsAli Z.;Hussain I.;Faisal M.;Almanjahie I.;Ismail M.;Ahmad M.;Ahmad I.
JournalAdvances in Meteorology
TitleThe National Early Warning Score and its subcomponents recorded within ±24 hours of emergency medical admission are poor predictors of hospital-acquired acute kidney injury (2018)
AuthorsFaisal, Muhammad; Scally, Andy J.; Elgaali, M.A.; Richardson, D.; Beatson, K.; Mohammed, Mohammed A.
TitleA comparison of logistic regression models with alternative machine learning methods to predict the risk of in-hospital mortality in emergency medical admissions via external validation (2018)
AuthorsFaisal, Muhammad; Scally, Andy J.; Howes, R.; Beatson, K.; Richardson, D.; Mohammed, Mohammed A.
TitleNonparametric trend analysis of reference evapotranspiration for Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan (2018)
AuthorsGul S.;Hussain I.;Shad M.;Faisal M.;Shoukry A.;Adnan S.
JournalInternational Journal of Global Warming
TitleImpact of the level of sickness on higher mortality in emergency medical admissions to hospital at weekends (2017)
AuthorsMohammed M.;Faisal M.;Richardson D.;Howes R.;Beatson K.;Speed K.;Wright J.
JournalJournal of Health Services Research and Policy
TitleUsing routine blood test results to predict the risk of death for emergency medical admissions to hospital: An external model validation study (2017)
AuthorsFaisal M.;Howes R.;Steyerberg E.;Richardson D.;Mohammed M.
JournalQJM - Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
TitleA Novel Multi-Scalar Drought Index for Monitoring Drought: the Standardized Precipitation Temperature Index (2017)
AuthorsAli Z.;Hussain I.;Faisal M.;Nazir H.;Moemen M.;Hussain T.;Shamsuddin S.
JournalWater Resources Management
TitleForecasting Drought Using Multilayer Perceptron Artificial Neural Network Model (2017)
AuthorsAli Z.;Hussain I.;Faisal M.;Nazir H.;Hussain T.;Shad M.;Mohamd Shoukry A.;Hussain Gani S.
JournalAdvances in Meteorology
TitleRegional Frequency Analysis of Extremes Precipitation Using L-Moments and Partial L-Moments (2017)
AuthorsKhan S.;Hussain I.;Hussain T.;Faisal M.;Muhammad Y.;Mohamd Shoukry A.
JournalAdvances in Meteorology
TitleSpatial prediction and optimized sampling design for sodium concentration in groundwater (2016)
AuthorsZahid E.;Hussain I.;Spöck G.;Faisal M.;Shabbir J.;Abdel-Salam N.;Hussain T.
JournalPLoS ONE
TitleCorrection: Comparison of Two New Robust Parameter Estimation Methods for the Power Function Distribution. (2016)
AuthorsShakeel M;Haq MA;Hussain I;Abdulhamid AM;Faisal M;
JournalPLoS ONE
TitleComparison of Two New Robust Parameter Estimation Methods for the Power Function Distribution. (2016)
AuthorsShakeel M;Haq MA;Hussain I;Abdulhamid AM;Faisal M;
JournalPLoS ONE
TitleIn silico transcriptional regulation and functional analysis of dengue shock syndrome associated SNPs in PLCE1 and MICB genes (2016)
AuthorsTaqi, M.M.; Waseem, D.; Ismatullah, H.; Haider, S.A.; Faisal, Muhammad
TitleChoosing summary statistics by least angle regression for approximate Bayesian computation (2016)
AuthorsFaisal, Muhammad; Futschik, A.; Hussain, I.; Abd-el.Moemen, M.
TitlePrevalence and diagnostic of head and neck cancer in Pakistan (2016)
AuthorsAkhtar A.;Hussain I.;Talha M.;Shakeel M.;Faisal M.;Ameen M.;Hussain T.
JournalPakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
TitleSpatial Interpolation of Sulfate Concentration in Groundwater Including Covariate Using Bayesian Hierarchical Models (2015)
AuthorsHussain I.,Mubarak N.,Shabbir J., Hussain T., Faisal M.
JournalWater Quality, Exposure and Health
TitleAssessment of spatial models for interpolation of elevation in Pakistan (2015)
AuthorsHussain I.;Faisal M.;Shad M.;Hussain T.;Ahmed S.
JournalInternational Journal of Global Warming
TitleExact likelihood calculation under the infinite sites model (2015)
AuthorsFaisal M.;Futschik A.;Vogl C.
TitleHuman aging in the post-GWAS era: further insights reveal potential regulatory variants (2015)
AuthorsHaider, S.A.; Faisal, Muhammad
TitleProtective role of lactobacillus acidophilus against aflatoxin B1- induced immunosuppression (2015)
AuthorsTipu M.;Saleem U.;Rehman T.;Aslam M.;Muhammad K.;Hussain K.;Bukhari N.;Hassan S.;Hussain Z.;Faisal M.;Ahmad B.
JournalJournal of Animal and Plant Sciences
TitleA molecular prospective provides new insights into implication of PDYN and OPRK1 genes in alcohol dependence. (2014)
AuthorsFaisal M;Waseem D;Ismatullah H;Taqi MM;
JournalComputers in Biology and Medicine
TitleDistribution of Total Dissolved Solids in Drinking Water by Means of Bayesian Kriging and Gaussian Spatial Predictive Process. (2014)
AuthorsHussain I., Shakeel M., Faisal M., Soomro Z. A., Hussain M. and Hussain T.
JournalWater Quality, Exposure and Health
TitleA new approach to choose acceptance cutoff for approximate Bayesian computation (2013)
AuthorsFaisal M.;Futschik A.;Hussain I.
JournalJournal of Applied Statistics
TitleSpatio-temporal interpolation of precipitation including covariates: During monsoon periods in Pakistan (2012)
AuthorsHussain I.;Spöck G.;Pilz J.;Faisal M.;Yu H.
JournalPakistan Journal of Statistics
TitleProbabilistic Model for Free-Space Optical Links Under Continental Fog Conditions (2010)
AuthorsM. S. Awan M. S. Khan F. Nadeem Marzuki M. Faisal S. Sheikh Muhammad E. Leitgeb
Publication NamePatient safety conference (2017)
AuthorsFaisal M., Scally A., Silverton R., Wijeratne D., Jackson N., Beaston K., Howes R., Daws J., Dyson J., Marsh C., Speed K., Richardson D., Mohammed M.A.
Publication NameScience of Improvement Conference Harrogate (2016)
AuthorsFaisal M., Dyson J., Marsh C., Richardson D., Scally A., Beatson K., Howes R., Speed K., Jackson N., Mo- hammed M.A.
Publication NameFarr Institute International Conference (2015)
AuthorsFaisal M., Kelly B., Graham A., Mason D., Wright J., Mohammed A.M.
Other typeWorking Paper
TitlePlanning the Radiology Workforce for Cancer Diagnostics (2022)
AuthorsProwse, J., Sutton, C., Faisal, M., McVey, L., Montague, L. and Randell, R.
Other typeWorking Paper
TitleA scoping review: Strategic workforce planning in health and social care (2022)
AuthorsJulie Prowse; Claire Sutton; Emma Eyers; Jane Montague; Muhammad Faisal; Daniel Neagu; Mai Elshehaly; Rebecca Randell
Other typeReviews
TitleThe use of lean methodology in healthcare settings in developing countries: A narrative review (2020)
AuthorsKelendar H.;Faisal M.;McIntosh B.;Mohammed M.A.
JournalBritish Journal of Health Care Management
Other typeReviews
TitleOPRM1 A118G polymorphisms and its role in opioid addiction: Implication on severity and treatment approaches (2019)
AuthorsTaqi M.;Faisal M.;Zaman H.
JournalPharmacogenomics and Personalized Medicine
Title Author(s)
Ethnic differences in sedentary be- haviour in 6-8 year old children during school term and school holiday- a mixed methods study (2017)Nagy L.C., Horne M., Mohammed M.A, Faisal M., Barber S.E.
Reduction in Sample Selection Bias Under Multicolinearity. (2007)Akbar A., Pasha G. R., Faisal M., and Aslam M.