Skip to content

Professor Christopher Gaffney

Pro Vice-Chancellor-Research/Innovation

Faculty/Dept/School Professional Services
Telephone +441274 233542


Chris Gaffney is a British archaeological geophysicist and Professor of Archaeological Science at the University of Bradford. 

Professor Gaffney's research interests are based on understanding how geophysical data can aide archaeology in the understanding of the life and culture of ancient peoples. In pursuing these research goals he has pursued research in challenging environments where technical excellence and novel methodological approaches can lead to enhanced interpretation of the past. In doing so, Gaffney has undertaken research and managed surveys within Britain and across the world . These have included research projects across Europe, Asia, Africa and the Americas. Significant research projects include work his work as part of the Stonehenge Hidden Landscapes Project, research on World Heritage Sites at Diocletian’s Palace, Split, in Croatia and at Fountains Abbey, UK, the Greek colony at Megara Hyblaea (Sicily) and ancient Cyrene in Libya. More recently he has participated in major projects directed at broader cultural issues including the Curious Travellers project,[2] utilising web-scraping technologies to reconstruct heritage under threat, but also projects which have sought to understand the relationship between above ground and below ground remains.


Peer Reviewed Journal
TitleA Massive, Late Neolithic Pit Structure associated with Durrington Walls Henge (2020)
AuthorsVincent Gaffney, Eamonn Baldwin, Martin Bates, C. Richard Bates, Christopher Gaffney, Derek Hamilton, Tim Kinnaird, Wolfgang Neubauer, Ronald Yorston, Robin Allaby, Henry Chapman, Paul Garwood, Klaus Löcker, Alois Hinterleitner, Tom Sparrow, Immo Trinks, Mario Wallner and Matt Leivers
JournalInternet Archaeology
PublisherInternet Archaeology
TitleMagnetic geophysical mapping of prehistoric iron production sites in central Norway (2019)
AuthorsStamnes, A.A.; Stenvik, L.F.; Gaffney, Christopher F.
TitleGeophysical Investigation of the Neolithic Calanais Landscape (2019)
AuthorsBates, R.C., Bates, M., Gaffney, C., Gaffney, V. and Raub, T.D.
JournalRemote Sensing
TitleDurrington walls and the Stonehenge Hidden Landscape Project 2010-2016 (2018)
AuthorsGaffney V.;Neubauer W.;Garwood P.;Gaffney C.;Löcker K.;Bates R.;De Smedt P.;Baldwin E.;Chapman H.;Hinterleitner A.;Wallner M.;Nau E.;Filzwieser R.;Kainz J.;Trausmuth T.;Schneidhofer P.;Zotti G.;Lugmayer A.;Trinks I.;Corkum A.
JournalArchaeological Prospection
AuthorsNevett L.;Tsigarida E.;Archibald Z.;Stone D.;Horsley T.;Ault B.;Panti A.;Lynch K.;Pethen H.;Stallibrass S.;Salminen E.;Gaffney C.;Sparrow T.;Taylor S.;Manousakis J.;Zekkos D.
JournalAnnual of the British School at Athens
TitleStill searching for graves: an analytical strategy for interpreting geophysical data used in the search for "unmarked" graves (2015)
AuthorsGaffney, Christopher F.; Harris, Chrys; Pope-Carter, F.; Bonsall, James P.T.; Fry, Robert J.; Parkyn, Andrew K.
TitleYou know its summer in Ireland when the rain gets warmer: Analysing repetitive time-lapse earth resistance data to determine ‘optimal’ survey climate conditions (2015)
AuthorsBonsall, James P.T.; Gaffney, Christopher F.; Armit, Ian
TitleUnveiling the prehistoric landscape at Stonehenge through multi-receiver EMI (2014)
AuthorsDe Smedt, P; Van Meirvenne, M.; Saey, T.; Baldwin, E.; Gaffney, Christopher F.; Gaffney, Vincent L.
TitleAssessment of the CMD Mini-Explorer, a New Low-frequency Multi-coil Electromagnetic Device, for Archaeological Investigations (2013)
AuthorsBonsall, James P.T.; Fry, Robert J.; Gaffney, Christopher F.; Armit, Ian; Beck, A.; Gaffney, Vincent L.
TitleTime and a Place: A luni-solar 'time-reckoner' from 8th millennium BC Scotland (2013)
AuthorsGaffney, Vincent L.; Fitch, Simon; Ramsey, E.; Yorston, R.; Ch'ng, E.; Baldwin, E.; Bates, R.; Gaffney, Christopher F.; Ruggles, C.; Sparrow, Thomas; McMillan, A.; Cowley, D.; Fraser, S.; Murray, C.; Murray, H.; Hopla, E.; Howard, A.
DOIGaffney V, Fitch S, Ramsey E, et al (2013) Time and a Place: A luni-solar 'time-reckoner' from 8th millennium BC Scotland. Internet Archaeology 34.
TitleSpace and movement in an Iron Age oppidum: Integrating geophysical and topographic survey at Entremont, Provence (2012)
AuthorsArmit I.;Gaffney C.;Hayes A.
TitleSpace and movement in an Iron Age oppidum: integrating geophysical and topographic survey at Entremont, Provence (2012)
AuthorsArmit, Ian; Gaffney, Christopher F.; Hayes, A.
TitleThe Stonehenge Hidden Landscapes Project (2012)
AuthorsGaffney C.;Gaffney V.;Neubauer W.;Baldwin E.;Chapman H.;Garwood P.;Moulden H.;Sparrow T.;Bates R.;Löcker K.;Hinterleitner A.;Trinks I.;Nau E.;Zitz T.;Floery S.;Verhoeven G.;Doneus M.
JournalArchaeological Prospection
TitleFrom sites to landscapes: How computing technology is shaping archaeological practice (2011)
AuthorsCh'ng, E.;Chapman, H.;Gaffney, V.;Murgatroyd, P.;Gaffney, C.;Neubauer, W.;
TitleCommunity Archaeology and the Archaeological Geophysicist. (2009)
AuthorsGaffney, Christopher F.
TitleWhat do all the numbers mean? Making sure that we have all the pieces of the puzzle. (2009)
AuthorsSparrow, Thomas; Gaffney, Christopher F.; Schmidt, Armin R.
TitleThe square array revisited : a lightweight multisensor platform form vulnerable soil environments. (2009)
AuthorsParkyn, Andrew K.; Gaffney, Christopher F.; Schmidt, Armin R.; Walker, R.
TitleDetecting trends in the prediction of the buried past: A review of geophysical techniques in archaeology. (2008)
AuthorsGaffney, Christopher F.
TitleInitial Results using GPS Navigation with the Foerster Magnetometer System at the World Heritage Site of Cyrene,Libya. (2008)
AuthorsGaffney, Christopher F.; Gaffney, Vincent L.; Cuttler, R.; Yorston, R.
TitleArchaeological Prospection - the first fifteen years. Evolution of a specialist journal devoted to shallow prospecting. (2008)
AuthorsAspinall, A.; Gaffney, Christopher F.; Conyers, L.
TitleDetecting trends in the prediction of the buried past: A review of geophysical techniques in archaeology (2008)
AuthorsGaffney C.
TitleD-Day: geophysical investigation of a World War II German site in Normandy, France. (2004)
AuthorsGaffney, Christopher F.; Adcock, J.; Gater, J.A.; Saunders, T.
TitleGeophysical surveys at King Lobengula's Palace KoBulawayo, Zimbabwe. (2004)
AuthorsGaffney, Christopher F.; Hughes, G.; Gater, J.A.
TitleThe Schlumberger array - potential and pitfalls in archaeological prospection (2001)
AuthorsGaffney, Christopher F.; Aspinall, A.
TitleThe Schlumberger array—potential and pitfalls in archaeological prospection (2001)
AuthorsAspinall A.;Gaffney C.
JournalArchaeological Prospection
Other Journal
TitleThe 2019 Excavations and Geophysical Exploration at the Knowe of Swandro (2020)
AuthorsDockrill, S.J., Bond, J.M., Gaffney, C.
JournalOrkney Archaeology Review
PublisherOrkney Archaeology Society
TitleFrom sites to landscapes: How computing technology is shaping archaeological practice (2011)
AuthorsCh'ng E.;Chapman H.;Gaffney V.;Murgatroyd P.;Gaffney C.;Neubauer W.
TitleMagnetometry for Archaeologists (2008)
AuthorsAspinall, A.; Gaffney, Christopher F.; Schmidt, Armin R.
TitleRevealing the Buried Past (2003)
AuthorsGaffney, C and Gater, J
PublisherThe History Press
Book Chapters
TitleCurious Travellers: Repurposing imagery to manage and interpret threatened monuments, sites and landscapes (2019)
AuthorsAndrew S. Wilson, Vince Gaffney, Chris Gaffney, Eugene Ch'ng, Richard Bates, Gareth Sears, Tom Sparrow, Andrew Murgatroyd, Edward Faber and Robin A.E. Coningham
JournalHeritage Under Pressure - Threats and Solutions. Studies of Agency and Soft Power in the Historic Environment
TitleA decade of ground-truthing: reappraising magnetometer prospection surveys on linear corridors in light of excavation evidence (2014)
AuthorsBonsall, James P.T.; Gaffney, Christopher F.; Armit, Ian
TitleExploring urbanisation in the southern French Iron Age through integrated geophysical and topographic prospection (2014)
AuthorsArmit, Ian; Gaffney, Christopher F.; Marty, F.; Thomas, N.; Friel, R.; Hayes, A.
TitleVisualising Space and Movement: A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Palace of Diocletian, Split (2013)
AuthorsGaffney V.;Sears G.;Gaffney C.;Schmidt A.;Goodchild H.;Lobb M.;Sparrow T.;Tomcik D.;Kirigin B.;Milosević A.;Barabrić V.
JournalSpringer Series on Cultural Computing
TitleThe use of geophysical techniques in landscape studies: experience from the commercial sector. (2009)
AuthorsGaffney, Christopher F.
TitleGeophysical Survey (2008)
AuthorsGaffney, Christopher F.
TitleGeophysical Survey and the Emergence of Underground Archaeological Landscapes: The Heart of Neolithic Orkney World Heritage Site. (2007)
AuthorsCard, N.; Gater, J.A.; Gaffney, Christopher F.; Wood, E.
Published Reports
TitleEAC Guidelines for the use of Geophysics in Archaeology: Questions to Ask and Points to Consider. (2015)
AuthorsSchmidt, Armin R.; Linford, P.; Linford, N.; David, A.; Gaffney, Christopher F.; Sarris, A.; Fassbinder, J.
TitlePreparing for the future: A reappraisal of archaeo-geophysical surveying on Irish National Road Schemes 2001-2010 (2014)
AuthorsBonsall, James P.T.; Gaffney, Christopher F.; Armit, Ian
Other Publications
Other typeEditorial
TitleArchaeological prospection - The first fifteen years (2008)
AuthorsAspinall A.;Gaffney C.;Conyers L.
JournalArchaeological Prospection
Title Author(s)
BradPhys to BradViz or from archaeological science to heritage science (2016)Gaffney V.;Cuttler R.;Bates R.;Gaffney C.;Ch'Ng E.;Wilson A.