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Natural Resources and Environmental Law and Policy

Duration: 1 year
Attendance mode: Full-time
Award: LLM
Suitable for international students
Start date: September 2018, January 2019
Faculty of Management & Law
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Natural Resources form the bedrock of global economic development. However, development and use of natural resources have implications for the environment, often leading to other socio-economic and political challenges such as poverty, disease and conflicts, especially in developing countries. The resulting environmental impacts such as climate change, pollution and degradation of habitats and species extinction has also raised serious challenges for governance and diplomacy at the international level, often pitting international economic policies and frameworks with natural resources and environmental governance.

This course will provide you with an excellent understanding of the law and policy issues in this area, and skills necessary to pursue a career in this exciting field, whether this be in private legal practice, as in-house lawyers in corporations, policy-oriented work in intergovernmental and other international institutions in advocacy in civil society organisations.

The course offers a wide range of modules that are contemporary, academically rigorous and skills oriented. The design ensures you gain core knowledge of the wider context framing law and policy in this field whilst giving you the flexibility to tailor your degree to suit your particular interests by choosing from a range of specialist modules. You will explore emerging issues such as a low carbon economy, unconventional and alternative energy, the regulation and governance of multinational corporations and the responsibility of states in addressing these concerns.

Why Bradford?

One of the purposes of this LLM programme is to create graduates who have developed qualities, skills and understanding that go beyond the disciplinary expertise or technical knowledge of law and which can prepare them for the next steps in their lifelong learning journey/career pathway.

To achieve this objective the programme will equip its student with “Bradford attributes”, a set of attributes whose value extents beyond the law discipline, helping to improve career prospects and employability.

Such attributes include between others the ability of graduates to apply knowledge to solve complex real-world problems;  to become independent learners and critical and creative thinkers; to identify their learning needs and take action to improve their performance; to demonstrate commercial awareness by relating their learning to a commercial or business perspective; to become inter-culturally and internationally aware and aware of social and civic responsibilities; and to become literate in sustainability.

Entry requirements

2:2 or above in any subject, or relevant work experience at graduate level.

English language requirements:

IELTS at 6.5 or equivalent with a minimum of 5.5 in each sub-test.

If you do not meet the IELTS requirement, you can take a University of Bradford pre-sessional English course. See the Language Centre for more details.


The modules for this course can be found in the latest programme specification.

An intensive 2-week induction at the beginning of the course ensures that all students, including those from non-law and/or international backgrounds are taught the core concepts and academic skills necessary to achieve the learning outcomes.

You will then complete two compulsory core modules, carrying 20 credits each:

  • Regulatory theory and practice
  • Sustainable development Law in Contemporary Business & Society

The two core themes of these modules - regulation and sustainability - cut across all module subject themes and the themes of the other two new LLM programmes of the offered by the Law School: the LLM in International Commercial Law and the LLM in International Human Rights and Development. The two modules will be attended by the students of all LLMs, which will allow you to benefit from interaction with peers with wide ranging academic and professional interests. The assessment of those two modules will reflect the theme/stream of expertise of each student, thus taking into account the diversity of student interests and course focus.

You will then choose three from a pool of four 20-credit modules which have a broader focus on natural resources and environmental law:

  • Climate Change Law
  • Petroleum Law
  • International Environmental Law
  • Waste Management Law

The final 20-credit module of the LLM in Natural Resources and Environmental Law and Policy will be an elective from a larger pool of modules, wincluding modules from the other two new LLMs.

You will complete the LLM programme by completing a 60-credit dissertation. The topic of the dissertation will be from the area of Natural Resources and Environmental Law and Policy.

Reading lists

All reading lists can be found here.

Learning activities and assessment

You will be taught in small groups in an interactive and engaging learning environment.

You will have the opportunity in some modules to be involved in clinical legal education, where you gain practical experience working with real life cases whilst supported by academics.

The course is also enhanced by visiting guest speakers from all walks of life, including the legal professions, academia, and businesses.

Career support and prospects

During your time studying at the Faculty of Management and Law you will have the opportunity to take part in our distinctive career booster programme throughout the duration of your course. The programme is designed to equip you with the necessary skills and graduate attributes to be job-ready when seeking employment with leading innovative organisations. The Career Booster Programme offers you the opportunity to gain certificates in:

  • The European Computer Driving License (EDCL) - the benchmark for digital literacy
  • Sage 50 Accounting and Sage 50 Payroll - training that will allow you to develop leading accounting and payroll software skills
  • Project Manager Professional certificates - giving you the edge when seeking to become a Certified Project Manager
  • Big Data analysis and reporting skills - using Software and Services (SAS) that will lead to certification.

In addition, the programme will also include activities to promote teamwork, confidence, communication and many other skills sought by employers.

Developing a portfolio of Continuing Professional Development (CPD) Certificates will demonstrate to employers that you are not only ambitious but also take responsibility for your own professional development.

Career support

The University is committed to helping students develop and enhance employability and this is an integral part of many programmes. Specialist support is available throughout the course from Career and Employability Services including help to find part-time work while studying, placements, vacation work and graduate vacancies. Students are encouraged to access this support at an early stage and to use the extensive resources on the Careers website.

Discussing options with specialist advisers helps to clarify plans through exploring options and refining skills of job-hunting. In most of our programmes there is direct input by Career Development Advisers into the curriculum or through specially arranged workshops.

Study Support

You will be allocated a personal tutor - someone with whom you will be able to talk about any academic or personal concerns. Staff responsible for the administration of the LLM are available to help you with day-to-day queries about the programme.

We are a small, dedicated and friendly Law School, allowing our academic and support staff to get to know students personally, and offer individual support and teaching. We make sure that your time with us is as rewarding as possible, and do everything we can to help you reach your potential.

The Law Library has dedicated support from our Law Librarian, who will be able to provide you with guidance on the use of legal databases, OSCOLA referencing or finding a book in the library.

As well as offering access to key textbooks and other materials in hard copy, the law library also subscribes to three of the key legal databases:

  • Westlaw
  • Lexis Library
  • Hein Online

You'll therefore have 24 hour electronic access, on and off campus, to the majority of material you require to successfully complete your programme. Where tutors require you to read material which is not as readily available, it will be made available to you though Blackboard. You are encouraged to also consult other collections as there is interesting and useful material on all of the topics studied available from a variety of disciplines, and you will therefore be introduced to the library as a whole rather than just specific collections as part of this programme.

The Library includes self-issue and self-return facilities, photocopiers and printers, areas for silent study and social learning, and wireless access throughout the building. There is an information desk, a special computer laptop bar, and areas for social learning in the upper Atrium on Level 1. The building incorporates full disability access.

LLM students also have access to social spaces including Postgraduate Common Room and the Weir room.

The Effective Learning Service (ELS) at the Faculty of Management and Law can support you academically (e.g with assignments and examinations) and helps overseas students adapt quickly to UK academic requirements. The ELS provides a huge range of services, including various workshops run during term time, 1-1 consultations and vast printed and online resources to cater for every possible development area.


We recently invested £12 million into our facilities, to ensure our students have the best possible experience.

Our Emm Lane campus includes a Harvard-style lecture theatre, an integrated Law and Management library, IT facilities, a prayer room and ablution facilities, an on-site café and social spaces.

Fees, Finance and Scholarships

Tuition fees


  • Home/EU: £6,680
  • International: £15,650

Tuition fees are subject to review for students starting their course in subsequent years. See our Fees and Financial Support website for more details.

How do I find out more?

Steps to Postgraduate Study

Find out more about studying at a postgraduate level on the official, independent website Steps to Postgraduate Study (link opens in new window).

How to apply

The easiest way to apply is online.

This will help us process your application more quickly and allow you to submit your supporting documents electronically.

If you are unable to apply online, please email to request a paper application form.

We will also need the following supporting documents, along with any other information specified on the course page:

  • Degree certificates/transcripts
  • Research proposal (if required)
  • Two references (including one academic reference)
  • Evidence of English language level (if required)
  • A copy of your passport

Once you have applied you will have access to the University's Applicant Portal, where you can track the status of your application.

You should also start thinking about how you plan to fund your postgraduate study — you may need to apply for loans or grants at this stage.

International students

If you applying from outside the UK and require additional support you may apply through your country representative.

They can help you at every stage and communicate with the University on your behalf. They often provide additional services to ensure your smooth arrival to the UK such as visa application support and assistance with your travel arrangements.

Further information is available on our International Office website.

This is the current course information. Modules and course details may change, subject to the University's programme approval, monitoring and review procedures. The University reserves the right to alter or withdraw courses, services and facilities as described on our website without notice and to amend Ordinances, Regulations, fees and charges at any time. Students should enquire as to the up-to-date position when applying for their course of study.