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researcher

Robert Janaway

Lecturer in Forensic & Archaeological Sc

Faculty/Dept/School School of Archaeological and Forensic Sciences
(Faculty of Life Sciences)
Emailr.c.janaway@bradford.ac.uk

Biography

Rob is Lecturer in Archaeological Sciences and has more than 35 years experience of Archaeology in both the field and the laboratory. He originally qualified in Archaeological Conservation and specialised in the relationship between materials degradation and depositional environments. He has worked on a range archaeological sites including, peat bogs, desert sites, and deep stratified urban deposits. He is a specialist on the taphonomy of inhumation burials and has worked on material from cemeteries, crypts and mausoleums. In addition to a traditional archaeological role he acts as a Forensic Archaeologist. He has worked on more than 25 criminal cases for a variety of British police forces in a variety of roles including excavator and taphonomy consultant. He has acted as an expert witness in court.

Research

His early research focussed on the taphonomy of inhumation burials and combined approaches from both archaeological and forensic science. This resulted in the key publication: Boddington, Garland and Janaway eds. (1987) Death, Decay and Reconstruction. This was followed by further consideration of the taphonomy of archaeological burials in Garland and Janaway (1989) The Taphonomy of Inhumation Burials (In Roberts, Lee and Bintliff eds. Burial Archaeology: Current Research, Methods and Developments. Further work was carried out on the 18th/19th century crypt burials including the major Christchurch Spitalfields Project. This refined ideas concerning the decomposition of bodies under different conditions and their effect of textiles and other associated materials buried with it. This led to both site specific reports (e.g. Janaway 1993) and review papers (Janaway 1998). With a growing involvement in Forensic Archaeology, research focussed onto areas that are relevant to both forensic and archaeological research questions. In conjunction with Andrew Wilson there have been extensive field experiments using pig carcasses as human body analogues. These have been used to refine ideas concerning the dynamic environment in the grave during soft tissue decomposition. Recent outputs include (Wilson et al. 2007). He has continued to publish both in the field of forensic taphonomy (Janaway 2002) with a new publication due out later in 2007 (Janaway in press) as well as more general Forensic Archaeology review papers such as (Janaway 2006). He has recently conducted taphonomy field experiments in conjunction with Dr. A Wilson and post-graduate students from Bradford at the Anthropological Research Facility, Knoxville, Tennessee and in the coastal desert of Southern Peru. Recent archaeological work has included the analysis of textiles and clothing from the Wreck of the Mary Rose with a former student (Emma Green) published in: Gardiner, J. and Richards, M. eds. Before the Mast: Life and Death Aboard the Mary Rose. There has also been a consideration of the taphonomy and conservation of material from WWI sites in Flanders and the relationship between soil chemistry, land use and the survival of vulnerable metal artefacts from the medieval battlefield of Bosworth Field.

Professional activities

  • Consultant (Taphonomy and Conservation) to Messines Ridge Excavations (WWI)
  • Consultant Forensic Archaeologist to UK police forces including Cleveland, West Yorkshire, North Yorkshire, Metropolitan police
  • Consultant/Advisor (Taphonomy) to Battlefields Trust (Bosworth and Edgehill Battlefield projects)
  • External examiner (Forensic Archaeology) to University of Bournemouth
  • Founder Member of (FSAG) (recognised by Association of Chief Police Officers)
  • Forensic Archaeologist to Independent Commission for location of Victim’s Remains to recover the bodies of “the disappeared” from Ireland predominately from 1970s and 1980s

Publications

Peer Reviewed Journal
TitleLong-term effects of hydrated lime and quicklime on the decay of human remains using pig cadavers as human body analogues: Field experiments (2014)
AuthorsSchotsmans E.;Fletcher J.;Denton J.;Janaway R.;Wilson A.
JournalForensic Science International
DOI10.1016/j.forsciint.2013.12.046
 
TitleShort-term effects of hydrated lime and quicklime on the decay of human remains using pig cadavers as human body analogues: Laboratory experiments (2014)
AuthorsSchotsmans, Eline M.J.; Denton, J.; Fletcher, Jonathan N.; Janaway, Robert C.; Wilson, Andrew S.
 
TitleLong-term effects of hydrated lime and quicklime on the decay of human remains using pig cadavers as human body analogues (2014)
AuthorsSchotsmans, Eline M.J.; Fletcher, Jonathan N.; Denton, J.; Janaway, Robert C.; Wilson, Andrew S.
 
TitleEffects of hydrated lime and quicklime on the decay of buried human remains using pig cadavers as human body analogues (2012)
AuthorsSchotsmans, Eline M.J.; Denton, J.; Dekeirsschieter, J.; Ivaneanu, T.; Leentjes, S.; Janaway, Robert C.; Wilson, Andrew S.
 
TitleA study of 18th century Coptic icons of Ibrahim Al-Nasekh using Raman microscopy and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry: Indigo as an organic pigment in Egyptian panel paintings (2012)
AuthorsAbdel-Ghani M.;Stern B.;Edwards H.;Janaway R.
JournalVibrational Spectroscopy
DOI10.1016/j.vibspec.2012.05.003
 
TitleExceptional preservation of a prehistoric human brain from Heslington, Yorkshire, UK. (2011)
AuthorsO'Connor, Sonia A.; Ali, Esam M.A.; Al-Sabah, S.; Anwar, D.; Bergström, E.; Brown, K.A.; Buckberry, Jo; Collins, M.; Denton, J.; Dorling, K.; Dowle, A.; Duffey, P.; Edwards, Howell G.M.; Faria, E.C.; Gardner, P.; Gledhill, Andrew R.; Heaton, K.; Heron, Carl P.; Janaway, Robert C.; Keely, B.; King, D.G.; Masinton, A.; Penkman, K.E.H.; Petzoldk, A.; Pickering, M.D.; Rumsbyl, M.; Schutkowski, Holger; Shackleton, K.A.; Thomas, J.; Thomas-Oates, J.; Usai, M.; Wilson, Andrew S.; O'Connor, T.P.
JournalJournal of Archaeological Science
DOIhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2011.02.030
 
TitleGristhorpe man: an early bronze age log-coffin burial scientifically defined (2010)
AuthorsMelton, Nigel D.; Montgomery, Janet; Knüsel, Christopher J.; Batt, Catherine M.; Needham, S.; Parker Pearson, M.; Sheridan, A.; Heron, Carl P.; Horsley, T.; Schmidt, Armin R.; Evans, Adrian A.; Carter, E.A.; Edwards, Howell G.M.; Hargreaves, Michael D.; Janaway, Robert C.; Lynnerup, N.; Northover, P.; O'Connor, Sonia A.; Ogden, Alan R.; Taylor, Timothy F.; Wastling, Vaughan; Wilson, Andrew S.
 
TitleEvaluating histological methods for assessing hair fibre degradation (2010)
AuthorsWilson, Andrew S.; Dodson, Hilary I.; Janaway, Robert C.; Pollard, A. Mark; Tobin, Desmond J.
 
TitleCharacterization of paint and varnish on a medieval Coptic-Byzantine icon: Novel usage of dammar resin (2009)
AuthorsAbdel-Ghani M.;Edwards H.;Stern B.;Janaway R.
JournalSpectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
DOI10.1016/j.saa.2008.10.050
 
TitleFourier-transform Raman spectroscopic study of a Neolithic waterlogged wood assemblage (2009)
AuthorsPetrou, M.; Edwards, Howell G.M.; Janaway, Robert C.; Thompson, Gill B.; Wilson, Andrew S.
 
TitleCharacterization of paint and varnish on a medieval Coptic-Byzantine icon: Novel usage of dammar resin? (2009)
AuthorsAbdel-Ghani, Mona H.; Edwards, Howell G.M.; Stern, Ben; Janaway, Robert C.
 
TitleA Raman microscopic and gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric study of two 19th century overlapping Coptic icons of Anastasy Al-Romi (2008)
AuthorsAbdel-Ghani M.;Edwards H.;Janaway R.;Stern B.
JournalVibrational Spectroscopy
DOI10.1016/j.vibspec.2008.02.013
 
TitleModelling the buried human body environment in upland climes using three contrasting field sites (2007)
AuthorsWilson, Andrew S.; Janaway, Robert C.; Holland, Andrew D.; Dodson, Hilary I.; Baran, Eve N.; Pollard, A. Mark; Tobin, Desmond J.
 
TitleSelective Biodegradation in Hair Shafts Derived from Archaeological, Forensic and Experimental Contexts (2007)
AuthorsWilson, Andrew S.; Dodson, Hilary I.; Pollard, A. Mark; Tobin, Desmond J.; Janaway, Robert C.
 
TitleHistological correlates of postmortem DNA damage in degraded hair (2006)
AuthorsJanaway, Robert C.; Cooper, A.; Gilbert, M.T.P.; Tobin, Desmond J.; Wilson, Andrew S.
 
TitleHistological correlates of post mortem mitochondrial DNA damage in degraded hair (2006)
AuthorsGilbert M.;Janaway R.;Tobin D.;Cooper A.;Wilson A.
JournalForensic Science International
DOI10.1016/j.forsciint.2005.02.019
 
TitleResistance of degraded hair shafts to contaminant DNA (2006)
AuthorsGilbert, M.T.P.; Menez, L.; Janaway, Robert C.; Tobin, Desmond J.; Cooper, A.; Wilson, Andrew S.
 
TitleForensic archaeology and forensic taphonomy experience in the UK: implications for the recovery of physical evidence. (2006)
AuthorsJanaway, Robert C.
 
TitleAncient mitochondrial DNA from hair (2004)
AuthorsGilbert, M.T.P.; Wilson, Andrew S.; Bunce, M.; Hansen, A.J.; Janaway, Robert C.; Willerslev, E.; Shapiro, B.; Higham, T.F.G.; Richards, Michael P.; O'Connell, T.C.; Tobin, Desmond J.; Cooper, A.
 
TitleSurvival of Human Hair - The Impact of the Burial Environment (2001)
AuthorsWilson, Andrew S.; Janaway, Robert C.; Pollard, A. Mark; Dixon, Ronald A.; Tobin, Desmond J.
 
TitleYesterday's hair--human hair in archaeology (2001)
AuthorsWilson, Andrew S.; Dixon, Ronald A.; Dodson, Hilary I.; Janaway, Robert C.; Pollard, A. Mark; Stern, Ben; Tobin, Desmond J.
 
TitleTowards an Understanding of the Interaction of Hair with the Depositional Environment (2001)
AuthorsWilson, Andrew S.; Dixon, Ronald A.; Edwards, Howell G.M.; Farwell, Dennis W.; Janaway, Robert C.; Pollard, A. Mark; Tobin, Desmond J.
 
TitleThe experimental earthwork at Wareham, dorset after 33 years: 3. Interaction of soil organisms with buried materials (2000)
AuthorsLawson T.;Hopkins D.;Chudek J.;Janaway R.;Bell M.
JournalJournal of Archaeological Science
DOI10.1006/jasc.1999.0462
 
TitleFourier transform Raman spectroscopy: Evaluation as a non- destructive technique for studying the degradation of human hair from archaeological and forensic environments (1999)
AuthorsWilson, Andrew S.; Edwards, Howell G.M.; Farwell, Dennis W.; Janaway, Robert C.
 
TitleEffect of the Burial Environment on Hair Shaft Morphology - Relevance for Archaeology and Medico-legal Investigations (1999)
AuthorsWilson, Andrew S.; Janaway, Robert C.; Tobin, Desmond J.
 
TitleA curious clinker (1987)
AuthorsHenderson J.;Janaway R.;Richards J.
JournalJournal of Archaeological Science
DOI10.1016/0305-4403(87)90025-2
 
Book
TitleForensic Archaeology: A Global Perspective (2014)
AuthorsGroen W.;Márquez-Grant N.;Janaway R.
JournalForensic Archaeology: A Global Perspective
DOI10.1002/9781118745977
 
Book Chapter
TitleForensic archaeology in the United Kingdom and quality assurance (2015)
AuthorsJanaway, Robert C.
 
TitleForensic Archaeology in the United Kingdom and Quality Assurance (2014)
AuthorsJanaway R.
JournalForensic Archaeology: A Global Perspective
DOI10.1002/9781118745977.ch24
 
TitleNo certain roof but the coffin lid: exploring the commercial and academic need for a high level research framework to safeguard the future of the post-medieval burial resource (2013)
AuthorsPowers, N.; Wilson, Andrew S.; Montgomery, Janet; Bowsher, D.; Brown, T.; Beaumont, Julia; Janaway, Robert C.
 
TitleTaphonomic change to the buried body and associated materials in an upland peat environment: experiments using pig carcasses as human body analogues (2013)
AuthorsJanaway, Robert C.; Wilson, Andrew S.; Holland, Andrew D.; Baran, Eve N.
 
TitleGristhorpe Man: preservation, taphonomy and conservation, past and present (2013)
AuthorsJanaway, Robert C.; O'Connor, Sonia A.; Wilson, Andrew S.
 
Title'Men that are gone … come like shadows, so depart': research practice and sampling strategies for enhancing our understanding of post-medieval human remains. (2013)
AuthorsJanaway, Robert C.; Bowsher, D.; Town, M.; Wilson, Andrew S.; Powers, N.; Montgomery, Janet; Buckberry, Jo; Beaumont, Julia
JournalArchaeology, the Public and the Recent Past
PublisherBoydell
 
Title‘No certain roof but the Coffin Lid’. Exploring the commercial and academic need for a high level research framework to safeguard the future of the post-medieval burial resource (2011)
AuthorsPowers N.;Wilson A.;Montgomery J.;Bowsher D.;Brown T.;Beaumont J.;Janaway R.
JournalArchaeology, the Public and the Recent Past
 
Title‘Men that are gone … come like shadows, so depart’: Research practice and sampling strategies for enhancing our understanding of post-medieval human remains (2011)
AuthorsWilson A.;Powers N.;Montgomery J.;Buckberry J.;Beaumont J.;Bowsher D.;Town M.;Janaway R.
JournalArchaeology, the Public and the Recent Past
 
TitleDecomposition of human remains (2009)
AuthorsJanaway R.;Percival S.;Wilson A.
JournalMicrobiology and Aging: Clinical Manifestations
DOI10.1007/978-1-59745-327-1_14
 
TitleTaphonomic changes to the buried body in arid environments: An experimental case study in Peru (2009)
AuthorsJanaway R.;Wilson A.;Díaz G.;Guillen S.
JournalCriminal and Environmental Soil Forensics
DOI10.1007/978-1-4020-9204-6_22
 
TitleDecomposition of Human Remains (2009)
AuthorsJanaway, Robert C.; Percival, S.L.; Wilson, Andrew S.
 
TitleTaphonomic changes to the buried body in arid environments: an experimental case study in Peru (2009)
AuthorsJanaway, Robert C.; Wilson, Andrew S.; Carpio Díaz, G.; Guillen, S.
 
TitleThe degradation of lignocellulosics under conditions applicable to wetlands in northern Greece (2008)
AuthorsPetrou, M.; Edwards, Howell G.M.; Janaway, Robert C.; Kavvouras, P.; Thompson, Gill B.; Wilson, Andrew S.
 
TitleThe decomposition of materials associated with buried cadavers. (2008)
AuthorsJanaway, Robert C.
 
TitleInformation on Grauballe man from his hair (2007)
AuthorsWilson, Andrew S.; Richards, Michael P.; Stern, Ben; Janaway, Robert C.; Pollard, A. Mark; Tobin, Desmond J.
 
TitleUnderstanding the economic influence of the dyeing industry in Pompeii through the application of experimental archaeology and thermodynamics (2005)
AuthorsHopkins, Heather J.; Willimott, L.; Janaway, Robert C.; Robinson, Damian; Seale, W.J.
 
TitleSurvival and alteration - experiments in hair degradation (2003)
AuthorsWilson, Andrew S.; Dodson, Hilary I.; Janaway, Robert C.; Pollard, A. Mark; Tobin, Desmond J.
 
TitlePressures on Osteological Collections - The Importance of Damage Limitation (2001)
AuthorsCaffell, Anwen C.; Roberts, Charlotte A.; Janaway, Robert C.; Wilson, Andrew S.
 
TitleHuman skeletal collections: the responsibilities of project managers, physical anthropologists, conservators and the need for standardized condition assessments (2001)
AuthorsJanaway, Robert C.; Wilson, Andrew S.; Caffell, Anwen C.; Roberts, Charlotte A.
 
TitleDegradation of clothing and other dress materials associated with buried bodies of both archaeological and forensic interest. (2001)
AuthorsJanaway, Robert C.