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researcher

Fiona Macaulay

Senior Lecturer in Peace Studies

Faculty/Dept/School School of Social Sciences
(Faculty of Management, Law and Social Sciences)
Emailf.macaulay@bradford.ac.uk
Telephone +441274 235598

Biography

My undergraduate degree was in Modern Languages (French and German) at the University of Oxford. I subsequently read Women's Studies at the University of Massachusetts on a Rotary Foundation Graduate Scholarship, and that got me interested in the US-sponsored civil wars in Central America. I travelled to Nicaragua and spend a year teaching English at the National Autonomous University of Nicaragua in León. I got involved in campaigning on human right issues in the region, and worked for a student-based social justice organization Third World First (now People and Planet). I returned to the University of Oxford to do an MPhil in Latin American Studies and a doctorate in politics, focussed on the relationship between women's representation, political parties, women's movements and public policy in Brazil and Chile. The week after my doctorate was submitted I joined the International Secretariat of Amnesty International as their Brazil researcher. That led me to a deeper interest in the criminal justice system, as well as human rights, in particular prison conditions. From 2000-2005 I had a joint appointment, at the Institute of Latin American Studies, at the University of London, lecturing on gender and development in Latin America, and as Researcher at the Centre for Brazilian Studies at the University of Oxford, coordinating the human rights programme there, supported by the Ford Foundation. I joined the University of Bradford Peace Studies department in 2005.

Research

Fiona has two principal research interests in Brazil and Latin America. These are (1) gender policies and politics (2) criminal justice reform and human rights. In both cases she is interested in the interface between organised civil society and the state, and the way in which specific political institutions and governance arrangements (political parties, decentralisation) impinge on the capacity of civil society groups to affect policy and reform the state. In the area of gender studies, her research began by examining the restoration of democracy in Chile and Brazil, and the way in which party systems and individual parties in Latin America have responded to, and filtered, womens movement demands for political representation and state gender policies. Her two-country comparative study, Gender Politics in Brazil and Chile, based on several years of in-country fieldwork, is original in focusing on both national and local-level political arenas, in emphasising party systems as well as individual parties; and in analysing the religious-secular cleavage in addition to the left-right axis, the degree and type of institutionalization of individual parties and of the party system, and the individual partys political genesis and habitus as variables determining parties receptivity to gender equality and equity claims. She has also published studies of womens networks and NGOs in Brazil and Latin America in relation to legal literacy, lobbying and advocacy, and domestic violence. She developed expertise in the area of human rights whilst responsible for the Brazil desk at the International Secretariat of Amnesty International (1997-99). Funded by a grant from the Ford Foundation, she examined the institutional and political dynamics of human rights reform in Brazil, which has resulted in a number of publications on reform processes in the judiciary, police and prison system, as well as more general analyses. She is currently researching the ways in which civil society is able to engage with the criminal justice system, through accountability mechanisms, on the one hand, and co-production of security, on the other. In particular articles on little-known, but ground-breaking civil-society community-run prisons in Brazil, based on research supported by the Socio-Legal Studies Association, are due out in Spanish, Portuguese and English. She is continuing the study of state-NGO partnerships in São Paulo state with comparative research conducted in Minas Gerais state in November-December 2007. To this end she spent a month as Visiting Professor at the Federal University of Minas Gerais in Belo Horizonte, at the invitation of the Institute for Advanced Transdisciplinary Studies (holding the IEAT/Ford Foundation Chair). In September 2007 she gave a paper at the conference of the Latin American Studies Association in Montreal on organized crime gangs and the prison system in São Paulo. Fiona has two principal research interests in Brazil and Latin America. These are (1) gender policies and politics (2) criminal justice reform and human rights. In both cases she is interested in the interface between organised civil society and the state, and the way in which specific political institutions and governance arrangements (political parties, decentralisation) impinge on the capacity of civil society groups to affect policy and reform the state. In the area of gender studies, her research began by examining the restoration of democracy in Chile and Brazil, and the way in which party systems and individual parties in Latin America have responded to, and filtered, womens movement demands for political representation and state gender policies. Her two-country comparative study, Gender Politics in Brazil and Chile, based on several years of in-country fieldwork, is original in focusing on both national and local-level political arenas, in emphasising party systems as well as individual parties; and in analysing the religious-secular cleavage in addition to the left-right axis, the degree and type of institutionalization of individual parties and of the party system, and the individual partys political genesis and habitus as variables determining parties receptivity to gender equality and equity claims. She has also published studies of womens networks and NGOs in Brazil and Latin America in relation to legal literacy, lobbying and advocacy, and domestic violence. She developed expertise in the area of human rights whilst responsible for the Brazil desk at the International Secretariat of Amnesty International (1997-99). Funded by a grant from the Ford Foundation, she examined the institutional and political dynamics of human rights reform in Brazil, which has resulted in a number of publications on reform processes in the judiciary, police and prison system, as well as more general analyses. She is currently researching the ways in which civil society is able to engage with the criminal justice system, through accountability mechanisms, on the one hand, and co-production of security, on the other. In particular articles on little-known, but ground-breaking civil-society community-run prisons in Brazil, based on research supported by the Socio-Legal Studies Association, are due out in Spanish, Portuguese and English. She is continuing the study of state-NGO partnerships in São Paulo state with comparative research conducted in Minas Gerais state in November-December 2007. To this end she spent a month as Visiting Professor at the Federal University of Minas Gerais in Belo Horizonte, at the invitation of the Institute for Advanced Transdisciplinary Studies (holding the IEAT/Ford Foundation Chair). In September 2007 she gave a paper at the conference of the Latin American Studies Association in Montreal on organized crime gangs and the prison system in São Paulo.

Publications

Peer Reviewed Journal
TitleThe policy challenges of informal prisoner governance (2017)
AuthorsMacaulay, Fiona
JournalPrison Service Journal
 
TitlePresidents, producers and politics: law-and-order policy in Brazil from Cardoso to Dilma (2017)
AuthorsMacaulay, Fiona
JournalPolicy Studies
DOIhttps://doi.org/10.1080/01442872.2017.1290231
 
TitleHeart, Head and Hands: Inter-Cultural, Experiential and Applied Gender Learning in a Peace Studies Department (2016)
AuthorsMacaulay, Fiona
 
TitleModes of prison administration, control and governmentality in Latin America: Adoption, adaptation and hybridity (2013)
AuthorsMacaulay Fiona
JournalConflict, Security and Development
DOI10.1080/14678802.2013.834114
 
TitleDeepening the Federative Pact? The Dilma Government's Approach to Crime, Justice and Policing (2012)
AuthorsMacaulay Fiona
JournalCritical Sociology
DOI10.1177/0896920512440583
 
TitleJustice-Sector and Human Rights Reform under the Cardoso Government. (2007)
AuthorsMacaulay, Fiona
 
Book
TitleGender politics in Brazil and Chile: The role of political parties in local and national policy-making. (2009)
AuthorsMacaulay, Fiona
 
Book Chapters
TitleBancada da Bala: the growing influence of the security sector in Brazilian politics (2019)
AuthorsMacaulay, Fiona
JournalIn Spite of You: Bolsonaro and the New Brazilian Resistance
PublisherOR Books
DOI10.2307/j.ctvmd82x7
 
TitlePrisoner capture: welfare, lawfare and warfare in Latin America’s overcrowded prisons (2019)
AuthorsMacaulay, Fiona
JournalHandbook of Law and Society in Latin America
PublisherTaylor and Francis
DOI10.4324/9781315645193-16
 
TitleNon governmental organisations and the rule of law: The experience of Latin America (2018)
AuthorsMacaulay, Fiona
JournalThe Edward Elgar Research Handbook on the Rule of Law
PublisherEdward Elgar
DOIhttps://doi.org/10.4337/9781786432445.00023
 
TitleDilma Rousseff (2011 - 2016): A crisis of governance and consensus in Brazil (2017)
AuthorsMacaulay, Fiona
JournalWomen Presidents and Prime Ministers in Post-Transition Democracies
PublisherPalgrave
DOIhttps://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1057/978-1-137-48240-2_6
 
Title‘Whose prisoners are these anyway?’ Church, state and society partnerships and co-production of offender ‘resocialisation’ in Brazil (2015)
AuthorsMacaulay, Fiona
JournalTransnational Penal Cultures: New Perspectives on Discipline, Punishment and Desistance
PublisherRoutledge
 
TitleThe Impact of Domestic Politics on Brazil’s Foreign Policy on Human Rights (2014)
AuthorsMacaulay, Fiona
JournalShifting Power and Human Rights Diplomacy: Brazil
PublisherAmnesty International
 
TitleCycles of Police Reform in Latin America. (2012)
AuthorsMacaulay, Fiona
JournalPolicing in Africa
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
 
TitleTrickling up, down, and sideways gender policy and political opportunity in Brazil (2010)
AuthorsMacaulay F.
JournalWomen's Activism in Latin America and the Caribbean: Engendering Social Justice, Democratizing Citizenship
 
TitlePrivate Conflicts, Public Powers: Domestic Violence in the Courts in Latin America. (2005)
AuthorsMacaulay, Fiona
JournalThe Judicialization of Politics in Latin America
PublisherPalgrave/Institute of Latin American Studies