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researcher

Catherine Batt

Senior Lecturer

Faculty/Dept/School School of Archaeological and Forensic Sciences
(Faculty of Life Sciences)
Emailc.m.batt@bradford.ac.uk
Telephone +441274 233533

Biography

Cathy is an archaeological scientist with a focus developing methods for dating archaeological materials and integrating the outcomes within large scale collaborative archaeological projects to produce a better understanding of the human past.

She studied Natural Science (Physics and Archaeology) at the University of Durham, followed by a PhD in archaeomagnetic dating at the Universities of Sheffield and Durham, in collaboration with York Archaeological Trust. She has been at the University of Bradford since 1992 in a variety of roles, most recently as Senior Lecturer in Archaeological Sciences since 2001.




Research

I am an archaeological scientist with a focus developing methods for dating archaeological materials and integrating the outcomes within large scale collaborative archaeological projects to produce a better understanding of the human past.

My laboratory in Bradford is the most productive archaeomagnetic laboratory in the UK. I measure the magnetic properties of archaeological materials and use this information to date them and to infer changes in the past geomagnetic field. This research integrates the fundamental physics of magnetic materials and their measurements, with a detailed understanding of archaeological formation processes and the anthropogenic activities which influence magnetic properties (Batt et al., 2017, 2008; Peters and Batt, 2002). I have also developed Bayesian statistical approaches to combine archaeomagnetic, radiocarbon and luminescence dates with artefactual and stratigraphic information to produce multi-method site chronologies (Card et al., 2018; Batt et al., 2017; Rhodes et al., 2003) which leads to significantly improved precision in dating.

There are a number of key research audiences.  I work with multinational teams of academics to produce detailed site chronologies for example in Iran and Georgia (Batt et al., in press; Batt and Greenwood, 2013), Sri Lanka (Coningham et al., 2013; Coningham and Batt, 2009), Pakistan (Coningham and Batt, 2007), Shetland (Outram and Batt, 2010; Batt and Dockrill, 2008) and Orkney (Card et al., 2018). My research also produces a better understanding the geomagnetic field and associated earth systems, essential in modelling past geomagnetic change and its implications for climate change (Clelland and Batt, 2012; Zananiri et al., 2008). Along with my research team, I also provide a commercial dating service which is used by archaeological companies associated with rail, road and construction developments and heritage groups. Typically I provide initial advice to about 10 projects a year of which 2-3 will result in further work.

My research has pioneered the use of archaeomagnetic dating in UK archaeology for the last 25 years, from my earliest publications on statistical approaches (Batt, 1998, 1997) to recent papers describing new approaches (Batt et al., 2017). I have been directly involved in advising both Historic England and Historic Environment Scotland in drawing up guidelines for scientific dating.





Professional activities

  • 01-JAN-93: University of Bradford - Lecturer
  • 07-JAN-01: University of Bradford - Senior Lecturer
  • 02-JUN-91: University of Bradford - Coordinator of Continuing Education
  • Convenor and chair of ‘Magnetic dating on all timescales’ at the International Association of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy
  • Co-ordinator AARCH (Archaeomagnetic Applications for the Rescue of Cultural Heritage), EU Research Training Network; guest editor of Physics and Chemistry of the Earth
  • 01-JAN-87: University of Durham - BSc Natural Sciences
  • 01-JAN-92: Universities of Sheffield and Durham, in collaboration with York Archaeological Trust - PhD
  • 01-JAN-12: - Mid-career Fellowship
  • Member and Chartered Physicist
  • Member
  • Multiple - Archaeomagnetic dating

Publications

Peer Reviewed Journal
TitleVikings, peat formation and settlement abandonment: A multi-method chronological approach from Shetland (2019)
AuthorsSwindles G.;Outram Z.;Batt C.;Hamilton W.;Church M.;Bond J.;Watson E.;Cook G.;Sim T.;Newton A.;Dugmore A.
JournalQuaternary Science Reviews
DOI10.1016/j.quascirev.2019.02.026
 
TitleA Bayesian approach to linking archaeological, paleoenvironmental and documentary datasets relating to the settlement of Iceland (Landnám) (2018)
AuthorsSchmid M.;Zori D.;Erlendsson E.;Batt C.;Damiata B.;Byock J.
JournalHolocene
DOI10.1177/0959683617714597
 
TitleAdvances in archaeomagnetic dating in Britain: New data, new approaches and a new calibration curve (2017)
AuthorsBatt, Catherine M.; Brown, M.C.; Clelland, Sarah-Jane; Korte, M.; Linford, P.; Outram, Zoe
JournalJournal of Archaeological Science
 
TitleExcavation of a neolithic house at Yarnbury, near Grassington, North Yorkshire (2017)
AuthorsGibson, Alex M.; Neubauer, W.; Flöry, S.; Filzwieser, R.; Nau, E.; Schneidhofer, P.; Strapazzon, G.; Batt, Catherine M.; Greenwood, David P.
JournalProceedings Of The Prehistoric Society
 
TitleTo Cut a Long Story Short: Formal Chronological Modelling for the Late Neolithic Site of Ness of Brodgar, Orkney (2017)
AuthorsCard, N.; Mainland, Ingrid L.; Timpany, S.; Towers, R.; Batt, Catherine M.; Bronk Ramsey, C.; Dunbar, E.; Reimer, P.; Bayliss, A.; Marshall, P.; Whittle, A.
JournalEuropean Journal of Archaeology
 
TitleConstructing chronologies in Viking Age Iceland: Increasing dating resolution using Bayesian approaches (2015)
AuthorsBatt, Catherine M.; Schmid, M.M.E.; Vésteinsson, O.
JournalJournal of Archaeological Science
 
TitleRHX Dating: measurement of the Activation Energy of Rehydroxylation for Fired-Clay Ceramics (2015)
AuthorsClelland, Sarah-Jane; Wilson, M.A.; Carter, M.A.; Batt, Catherine M.
JournalArchaeometry
 
TitleA post-Roman sequence at Carlisle Cathedral (2014)
AuthorsMcCarthy, Michael R.; Archibald, M.; Batey, C.E.; Batt, Catherine M.; Brooks, C.; Buckberry, Jo; Cherry, J.; Evans, Adrian A.; Gaunt, G.; Keevill, G.; Lerwick, Ceilidh; Montgomery, Janet; Ottaway, P.; Paterson, C.; Pirie, E.; Walton Rogers, P.; Shotter, D.; Towers, Jacqueline R.; Tweddle, D.
JournalArchaeological Journal
DOIhttps://doi.org/10.1080/00665983.2014.11078266
 
TitleRehydroxylation of fired-clay ceramics: factors affecting early-stage mass gain in dating experiments (2014)
AuthorsWilson, M.A.; Clelland, Sarah-Jane; Carter, M.A.; Ince, C.; Hall, C.; Hamilton, A.; Batt, Catherine M.
JournalArchaeometry
 
TitleRe-deposited cryptotephra layers in Holocene peats linked to anthropogenic activity (2013)
AuthorsSwindles G.;Galloway J.;Outram Z.;Turner K.;Schofield J.;Newton A.;Dugmore A.;Church M.;Watson E.;Batt C.;Bond J.;Edwards K.;Turner V.;Bashford D.
JournalHolocene
DOI10.1177/0959683613489586
 
TitleA Stamford ware pottery kiln in pontefract: A geographical enigma and a dating dilemma (2013)
AuthorsCumberpatch C.;Roberts I.;Alldritt D.;Batt C.;Gaunt G.;Greenwood D.;Hudson J.;Hughes M.;Ixer R.;Meadows J.;Weston P.;Young J.
JournalMedieval Archaeology
DOI10.1179/0076609713Z.00000000017
 
TitleIdentifying archaeological wood stack charcoal production sites using geophysical prospection: Magnetic characteristics from a modern wood stack charcoal burn site (2012)
AuthorsPowell A.;Wheeler J.;Batt C.
JournalJournal of Archaeological Science
DOI10.1016/j.jas.2011.11.005
 
TitleGeomagnetic secular variation as recorded in British lake sediments and its application to archaeomagnetic studies (2012)
AuthorsClelland S.;Batt C.
JournalPhysics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors
DOI10.1016/j.pepi.2012.01.010
 
TitleGeoarchaeology and the value of multidisciplinary palaeoenvironmental approaches: A case study from the Tehran Plain, Iran (2011)
AuthorsGillmore G.;Stevens T.;Buylaert J.;Coningham R.;Batt C.;Fazeli H.;Young R.;Maghsoudi M.
JournalGeological Society Special Publication
DOI10.1144/SP352.5
 
TitleGristhorpe man: an early bronze age log-coffin burial scientifically defined (2010)
AuthorsMelton, Nigel D.; Montgomery, Janet; Knüsel, Christopher J.; Batt, Catherine M.; Needham, S.; Parker Pearson, M.; Sheridan, A.; Heron, Carl P.; Horsley, T.; Schmidt, Armin R.; Evans, Adrian A.; Carter, E.A.; Edwards, Howell G.M.; Hargreaves, Michael D.; Janaway, Robert C.; Lynnerup, N.; Northover, P.; O'Connor, Sonia A.; Ogden, Alan R.; Taylor, Timothy F.; Wastling, Vaughan; Wilson, Andrew S.
JournalAntiquity
 
TitleThe Identity of the St Bees Lady, Cumbria: An Osteobiographical Approach (2010)
AuthorsKnüsel, Christopher J.; Batt, Catherine M.; Cook, G.; Montgomery, Janet; Müldner, G.; Ogden, Alan R.; Palmer, C.; Stern, Ben; Todd, J.; Wilson, Andrew S.
JournalMedieval Archaeology
 
TitleThe integration of chronological and archaeological information to date building construction: an example from Shetland, Scotland, UK. (2010)
AuthorsOutram, Zoe; Batt, Catherine M.; Rhodes, E.J.; Dockrill, Stephen J.
JournalJournal of Archaeological Science
 
TitleIrrigation on the Tehran Plain, Iran: Tepe Pardis - The site of a possible Neolithic irrigation feature? (2009)
AuthorsGillmore G.;Coningham R.;Fazeli H.;Young R.;Magshoudi M.;Batt C.;Rushworth G.
JournalCatena
DOI10.1016/j.catena.2009.02.009
 
TitleWaking the dead: Scientific analysis of an Egyptian tunic. (2009)
AuthorsHaldane, E.A.; Gillies, Sara; O'Connor, Sonia A.; Batt, Catherine M.; Stern, Ben
JournalJournal Is Not In List - Being Petitioned
 
TitleArchaeomagnetic Applications for the Rescue of Cultural Heritage. (2008)
AuthorsBatt, Catherine M.; Zananiri, I.; Tarling, D.H.
JournalPhysics and Chemistry of the Earth
 
TitleMagnetic investigations of Iron Age slags at Yderik, Denmark: Mineral magnetic comparison to UK slags (2008)
AuthorsPeters C.;Abrahamsen N.;Voss O.;Batt C.;McDonnell G.
JournalPhysics and Chemistry of the Earth - Elsevier
DOI10.1016/j.pce.2008.02.020
 
TitleSampling methods in archaeomagnetic dating: A comparison using case studies from Wörterberg, Eisenerz and Gams Valley (Austria) (2008)
AuthorsTrapanese A.;Batt C.;Schnepp E.
JournalPhysics and Chemistry of the Earth
DOI10.1016/j.pce.2008.02.035
 
TitleNew developments in archaeomagnetic dating for Romania - A progress report on recent directional studies. (2008)
AuthorsSuteu, C.A.; Batt, Catherine M.; Zananiri, I.
JournalPhysics and Chemistry of the Earth
 
TitleArchaeomagnetic secular variation in the UK during the past 4000 years and its application to archaeomagnetic dating (2007)
AuthorsZananiri I.;Batt C.;Lanos P.;Tarling D.;Linford P.
JournalPhysics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors
DOI10.1016/j.pepi.2006.08.006
 
TitleSourcing fire ash on archaeological sites in the Western and Northern Isles of Scotland, using mineral magnetism (2007)
AuthorsChurch M.;Peters C.;Batt C.
JournalGeoarchaeology - An International Journal
DOI10.1002/gea.20185
 
TitleThe state of theocracy: Defining an early medieval hinterland in Sri Lanka (2007)
AuthorsConingham R.;Gunawardhana P.;Manuel M.;Adikari G.;Katugampola M.;Young R.;Schmidt A.;Krishnan K.;Simpson I.;McDonnell G.;Batt C.
JournalAntiquity
DOI10.1017/S0003598X00095673
 
TitleTime and Place: A new chronology for the origin of the broch based on the scientific dating programme at the Old Scatness Broch, Shetland. (2006)
AuthorsDockrill, Stephen J.; Batt, Catherine M.; Outram, Zoe
 
TitleBayesian methods applied to the interpretation of multiple OSL dates: high precision sediment ages from Old Scatness Broch excavations, Shetland Isles. (2003)
AuthorsRhodes, E.J.; Bronk Ramsey, C.; Outram, Zoe; Batt, Catherine M.; Willis, Laura H.; Dockrill, Stephen J.; Bond, Julie M.
JournalQuaternary Science Reviews
 
TitleDating and sourcing fuel ash residues from Cladh Hallan, South Uist, Scotland, using magnetic techniques (2002)
AuthorsPeters C.;Batt C.
JournalPhysics and Chemistry of the Earth - Elsevier
DOI10.1016/S1474-7065(02)00132-8
 
TitleA mineral magnetic investigation into fuel derived deposits from Old Scatness Broch, Shetland (2002)
AuthorsDewar I.;Batt C.;Peters C.
JournalPhysics and Chemistry of the Earth - Elsevier
DOI10.1016/S1474-7065(02)00131-6
 
TitleNew Exploration in the Chitral Valley, Pakistan: An Extension of the Gandharan Grave Culture (2002)
AuthorsBatt, Catherine M.; Ali, I.; Coningham, Robin A.E.; Young, R.L.
 
TitleAn assessment of the magnetic response of an iron-smelting site (2002)
AuthorsPowell A.;McDonnell J.;Batt C.;Vernon R.
JournalArchaeometry
 
TitleThe potential for dating the old Scatness site, Shetland, by optically stimulated luminescence (2001)
AuthorsBurbidge C.;Batt C.;Barnett S.;Dockrill S.
JournalArchaeometry
DOI10.1111/1475-4754.00038
 
TitleThe British Archaeomagnetic Calibration Curve: An Objective Treatment (1997)
AuthorsBatt C.
JournalArchaeometry
DOI10.1111/j.1475-4754.1997.tb00795.x
 
TitleThe role of magnetic susceptibility as a geophysical survey technique: A site assessment at high cayton, north yorkshire (1995)
AuthorsBatt C.;Fear S.;Heron C.
JournalArchaeological Prospection
DOI10.1002/1099-0763(199512)2:4<179::AID-ARP6140020402>3.0.CO;2-K
 
Book
TitleAnalytical chemistry in archaeology (2007)
AuthorsPollard A.;Batt C.;Stern B.;Young S.
JournalAnalytical Chemistry in Archaeology
DOI10.1017/CBO9780511607431
 
Book Chapter
TitleDating at Old Scatness (2019)
AuthorsOutram, Z. and Batt, C. M.
JournalExcavations at Old Scatness Volume 3: The Post-medieval Township
PublisherShetland Heritage Publications,
 
TitleDating at Old Scatness (2015)
AuthorsOutram, Z. and Batt, C. M.
JournalExcavations at Old Scatness Volume 2: The Broch and Iron Age Village.
PublisherShetland Heritage Publications,
 
TitleArchaeomagnetic dating (2014)
AuthorsOutram, Zoe; Harris, S.; Batt, Catherine M.
 
TitleArchaeomagnetic studies of features along the Gorgān and Tammīsheh Walls. (2013)
AuthorsBatt, C. M. and Greenwood, D. P.
JournalPersia’s Imperial Power in Late Antiquity: The Great Wall of Gorgān and Frontier Landscapes of Sasanian Iran.
PublisherOxbow Books
 
TitleArchaeomagnetic Dating (2013)
AuthorsBatt C.
JournalEncyclopedia of Scientific Dating Methods
PublisherSpringer Reference
 
TitleThe Scientific Dating Evidence. (2013)
AuthorsBatt C.
JournalGristhorpe Man: a life and death in the Bronze Age
PublisherOxbow Books
 
TitleIntegrated multi-spectral imaging, analysis and treatment of an Egyptian tunic. (2010)
AuthorsHaldane, E.A.; Gillies, Sara; O'Connor, Sonia A.; Batt, Catherine M.; Stern, Ben
 
TitleDating at Old Scatness (2010)
AuthorsOutram, Zoe; Batt, Catherine M.
 
TitleScientific Analysis of Steatite: Recent results. (2009)
AuthorsClelland, Sarah-Jane; Batt, Catherine M.; Stern, Ben; Jones, R.E.
 
TitleDating the sequence (2007)
AuthorsConingham, Robin A.E.; Batt, Catherine M.
 
TitlePower Over Time: An Overview of the Old Scatness Broch Excavations (2004)
AuthorsDockrill, Stephen J.; Batt, Catherine M.