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Professor Malcolm Dando

PositionEmeritus Professor
LocationAshfield T1.1d
DepartmentPeace Studies and International Development
Telephone+44 (0) 1274 23 4186

Research Interests (key words only)

Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention, Chemical Weapons Convention, Dual-Use


I originally studies biology. Since the mid-1990s I have worked on strengthening the chemical and biological disarmament regime.

Study History

  • BSc Zoology, 1965, St Andrews University
  • PhD, 1969, St Andrews University
  • DSc, 1992, University of Bradford

Professional Activities

Member of the Editorial Board of Politics and the Life Sciences.

Fellow of the Royal Society of Biology.

Research Areas

My current research is concerned with the possible erosion of the chemical and biological disarmament regime through the development of novel so-called 'non-lethal' agents based on the ongoing advances in neuroscience.

Current Projects

Completing a jointly edited book on the Chemical Weapons Convention for publication by the Royal Society of Chemistry in early 2018, and monitoring the recently initiated State-level brain research projects.


Dando, M. R. (2016) Find the time to discuss new bioweapons. Nature, 535, 9.

Whitby, S., Novossiolova, T., Walther, G. and Dando, M. R. (Eds.) (2016) Preventing Biological Threats: What You Can Do. Available at tobiological-security-issues/

Dando, M. R. (2015) Biosecurity education for life scientists: The missing past, inadequate present and uncertain future. Pp. 252-264 in J. Youde and S. Rushton (Eds.) Routledge Handbook of Global Health Security, Routledge, London.

Crowley, M. and Dando, M. R. (2015) State Development of incapacitating chemical agent weapons: implications including potential terrorist misuse. Pp. 365-380 in G. Lennon and C. Walker (Eds.) Routledge Handbook of Law and Terrorism. Routledge, London.

Dando, M. R. (2015) Neuroscience Advances and Future Warfare. Pp. 1785-1800 in J. Clausen and N. Levy
(Eds.) Handbook of Neuroethics Volume 3. Springer, Dordrecht.

Dando, M. R. (2015) Neuroscience and the Future of Chemical-Biological Weapons. Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke.

Crowley, M. and Dando, M. R. (2015) The use of incapacitating chemical agent weapons in law enforcement. The International Journal of Human Rights, 19, (4), 465-487.

Shinomiya, N., Minehata, M. and Dando, M (2013) Bioweapons and Dual-Use Research of Concern. Journal of Disaster Research, 8, (4), 654-665.

Crowley, M. and Dando, M. R. (2014) Down the slippery slope? A study of contemporary dual-use chemical and life science research potentially applicable to incapacitating chemical agent weapons. Policy Paper 8, Biochemical Security 2030 Project, University of Bath, October.

Dando, M. (2013) Educational implications of the potential for hostile applications of advances in neuroscience. Pp. 312-324 in F. Allhof, N. Evans and A. Henschke (Eds.) Routledge Handbook of Ethics and War: Just war theory in the twenty-first century. Routledge, London.

Kelle, A., Nixdorff, K. and Dando, M. (2012) Preventing a Biochemical Arms Race. Stanford University Press, Stanford, Ca.

Dando, M. R. (2009) Biologists napping while work militarized. Nature, 460, 950-951.

Revill, J. and Dando, M.R. (2008) Life scientists and the need for a culture of responsibility: after education...what? Science and Public Policy, 35, (1), 29-37.

Dando, M. R. (2007) The impact of scientific and technological change. Pp 77-92 in A. Wenger and R. Wollenmann (Eds.) Bioterrorism: Confronting a Complex Threat. Lynne Rienner, Boulder.

Dando, M. R. (2007) Scientific outlook for the development of incapacitants. Pp 123-148 in A. Pearson, M.I.Chevrier and M.L.Wheelis (Eds.) Incapacitating Biochemical Weapons: Promise or Peril? Rowman and Littlefield.

Rhodes, C. and Dando, M. R. (2007) A Scientific Advisory Panel (SAP) for the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC) as an element in the Web of Prevention. Pp 95 -114 in B. Rappert and C. McLeish (Eds) The Web of Prevention. Earthscan, London.

Atlas, R. M. and Dando, M. R. (2006) The dual-use dilemma for the life sciences: Perespectives, conundrums and global solutions. Biosecurity and Bioterrorism, 4, (3), 276-286.

Dando, M.R. (2006) Bioterror and Biowarfare. Oneworld Publications, Oxford.

Dando, M. R. and Furmanski, M. (2006) Midspectrum Incapacitant Programs. Pp. 236–251 In M. L. Wheelis, L. Rozsa and M. R. Dando (Eds.) Deadly Cultures: Bioweapons from 1945 to the Present. Harvard University Press, Cambridge.

Kelle, A. Nixdorff, K. and Dando, M.R. (2006) Controlling Biochemical Weapons: Adapting Multilateral Arms Control for the 21st Century. Palgrave, Basingstoke.

Wheelis, M. L. and Dando, M. R. (2005) Neurobiology: A case study of the imminent militarization of biology. International Review of the Red Cross, 87, 553-568.

Zilinskas, R.A. and Dando, M.R. (2005) Biotechnology and bioterrorism, Pp 63-75 in R.F Pilch and R. A. Zilinskas (Eds) Encyclopedia of Bioterrorism Defense. Wiley-Liss, New Jersey.


Assisted in the elucidation of the low levels of awareness of the problem of dual-use (i.e. knowledge and technologies used for beneficial purposes can also be missed for harmful purposes) amongst practicing scientists and in the development of educational content and methods for helping to raise the awareness of life scientists about the problem of dual-use.

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