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Post-Graduate Research Conference

31 October 2014


9.00 – 9.30 Registration and Coffee: Room D. 3, Richmond
9.30 – 9.45  Welcome Remarks by Prof Donna Lee: Dean -  Faculty of School of Social and International Studies (Room D.52)
9:45-10:45 PLENARY  KEY NOTE ADDRESS (1) Professor Caroline Hughes, Professor of Conflict Resolution and Peace, Academic Director, Bradford Rotary Centre for International Studies, Peace Studies Department, University of Bradford. See paper abstract below. (Room D.52)
10:45 -  10: 55 Short Coffee break (Room D. 3, Richmond)
11:00-1:00pm   Panel A Room: D.52 - Richmond Chair:
Professor Caroline Hughes
Panel B Room: D.2 - Richmond Chair: Dr David Potts Panel C Room: D. 42 - Richmond   Chair: Dr Josh Bren-Wilson
PARALLEL PAPER PRESENTATIONS   Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding Institutional Infrastructure in a Development Context Social Movements and Social Media
Presentation (PPT) Abstract (PDF) Presentation (PPT) Julia Leib,   University of Frankfurt   Presentation (PDF)Accounting for diversity in DDR processes. An analysis of the Colombian case. Abstract (PDF) Presentation (PDF) Mia Shoeb,   University  of Geneva   Necessary transformations for conflict resolution and viable peace in Nagorno-Karabakh Dr. Ohannes Geukjian, American University  of Beirut   DDR in the Democratic Republic of Congo: The forgotten girls Hannah Porter, University of Bradford     Contextualizing Institutional theory and model for developing countries' RTAs. Essa Bah. UoB   Institutional arrangements: A crucial solution to improve the implementation of Medium Term of Expenditure Framework (MTEF) in Indonesia Abstract (doc) Presentation (PPT) Mohammad Roudo
University  of Birmingham   Presentation (PPT) Presentation (PPT) Temitope Lawal, Univ of Bradford   The Political and Legal Infrastructure Limiting E-Government Implementation in Developing Contexts: Presentation (PPT) Presentation (PPT) Hassan Baz Chamas, University of Bradford   Presentation (PPT) Abstract (doc) Presentation (PPT) Temitope Laniran, University of Bradford, BCID Alumni    
‘Sofa Warriors’ and a country-brand: Towards a critique of the social media, social movement , democracy/liberation nexus Presentation (PPT) Ignas Kalpokas, Univ. of Nottingham   GROUPTHINK: ICT design with culture in mind Gwyneth Sutherlin, Bradford Uni
Analysing Murray Bookchin’s Theories and their influence on the Kurdish Radical Movement in Turkey Yagmur Savran, Univ. of Bradford     Women Organisations and peace building in Palestine Abstract (doc) Presentation (PPT) Dr. Ibrahim Natil,  Society Voice Foundation  
1.00-2.00pm   Lunch Break (Room D. 3, Richmond)
2.15 -3:45pm   Panel D Room: D.52 - Richmond Chair: Dr Fiona Macaulay Panel E Room D.2 - Richmond Chair: Dr Victoria Lavis  Panel F Room : D. 42 - Richmond   Chair: Professor David Francis
PARALLEL PAPER PRESENTATIONS Reconciliation and Peacebuilding Social Protection Human Security and Responsibility to Protect
  The effectiveness of psychosocial interventions for peacebuilding in post-conflict situations Abstract (doc) Yumiko Kaneko, University of Nottingham   Reconciliation: A local approach to peace-building in Bosnia-Herzegovina? Abstract (doc) Louis Monroy Santander, Univ. of Birmingham   Conservatives’ discourse on peace-building: How has the one-sided preparedness for peacebuilding impeded peacebuilding? Abstract (doc) Seongwon Yoon, University  of Bradford   Building infrastructure for peace in Sudan: Approaches of the Joint Conflict Reduction Programme abstract (doc) Yumiko Shinya, UNDP Sudan     Volunteering as social assistance: Pathways to improving well-being in social protection efforts   Abstract (pdf)         Presentation (PPT) Jody Aked, Institute of Development Studies   Extending health coverage to the poor: Is the fiscal space argument still relevant?       Abstract (doc)                Maximilian Domapielle, Univ. of Bradford   Social mobility in education and employment: A case of India's Dalits Anni Jylha, IDS   Mapping the logistics flow of Thai public hospitals: can resource use and waste generation be better controlled? Abstract (doc) Presentation (PPT) Thianthip Bandoophanit, Univ. of Bradford   Understanding violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo and the conceptual limits of the responsibility to protect  Abstract (doc)              Christopher P. Davey, University of Bradford   Responsibility to rebuild. Abstract (pdf) Presentation (PPT)            David Suntha, Lancaster University.     The legacy of British military intervention in Sierra Leone   Abstract (doc)     Lucy Scott, University of Bradford   Human security for men Abstract (doc)            Ekaterina Rozanova, University of London
4:00 – 4:15pm Coffee break
4:00- 4:45pm PLENARY KEY NOTE ADDRESS ll Professor Armando Barrientos is Professor and Research Director at the Brooks World Poverty Institute (BWPI) and Senior Lecturer at Manchester University.                                                                                                                     
5:00 Closing Remarks by PGR Steering Committee Rep.

Keynote speakers

‌Professor Caroline Hughes: Poor People’s Movements and Local Politics in East Timor and Cambodia.

The local turn in peacebuilding has prompted attention to “subaltern” actors, or the very poorest members of society, and their capacities for challenging power-holders in the interest of peace. However, the poor are highly constrained by material factors in their everyday life and immediate locality, as well as on national or international political stages. Poor people are consequently heavily reliant upon actors external to their everyday interactions to assist them in transcending local power relations. However, dealing with such actors entails entanglement in a new set of power relations. In this paper, I examine two poor people’s movements to show how activism at different scales entailed different possibilities for making effective claims upon power-holders. One of the movements involves a widow’s cooperative in East Timor campaigning for international justice. The other movement is that of garment workers in factories in Phnom Penh campaigning for better pay and conditions. Each case illustrates the agency and creativity of poor people in taking advantage of opportunities to form alliances with different actors. However, each case also illustrates the inescapable nature of the power relations that entangle them.

Caroline Hughes Caroline Hughes is Professor of Conflict Resolution and Peace, Academic Director Bradford Rotary Centre for International Studies. Her research interests combine a critical analysis of the politics of international post-conflict intervention, aid and development with expertise in Asian politics. In particular, her focus is on the ways in which aid and peacekeeping interventions are mediated by national and local level social structures and ideologies in post-conflict contexts. Her empirical focus has been on least developed, post-conflict countries in Asia, in particular Cambodia and East Timor. Recently she developed a new research agenda focused on the politics of international aid in the context of the ‘aid effectiveness’ agenda.

 

Professor Armando BarrientosAntipoverty transfers and the post-2015 development agenda

Since the turn of the century, large scale programmes have emerged in in low and middle income countries providing direct transfers to households in poverty. These programmes are making an important contribution to the reduction of global poverty. By 2010, conservative estimates indicate that between three quarters and one billion people in the South lived in households receiving antipoverty transfers. In countries like South Africa or Brazil, antipoverty transfers are part of a renewed social contract focused on social, economic, and political inclusion of disadvantaged groups. The expansion of antipoverty transfer programmes represents domestic policy responses to poverty and vulnerability and this is reflected in their diversity of design and objectives. They highlight the primary role of distinctive social assistance institutions in the emerging welfare regimes in the South. A global perspective on the growth of social assistance in developing countries shows their potential contribution to the post-2015 development agenda.  

Armando Barientos Armando Barrientos is Professor and Research Director at the Brooks World Poverty Institute at the University of Manchester in the UK.  E-mail: a.barrientos@manchester.ac.uk  He is also so-Director of the International Research Initiative on Brazil and Africa. His research interests focus on the linkages existing between welfare programmes and labour markets in developing countries, and on policies addressing poverty, vulnerability, and population ageing. His work has been published widely. His most recent books are ‘Social Protection for the Poor and Poorest’ (2008, edited with D. Hulme, Palgrave); ‘Just Give Money to the Poor’ (2010, with J. Hanlon and D. Hulme, Kumarian Press); ‘Demographics, Employment and Old Age Security: Emerging Trends and Challenges in South Asia’ (2010, edited with Moneer Alam, MacMillan), and ‘Social Assistance in Developing Countries’ (2013, Cambridge University Press).


This conference is structured around five panels which reflect the research areas of the school in the fields of Development, Economics, and Peace Studies.

The panel titles are:

  • Human Security and Responsibility to Protect
  • Social Protection and Poverty Reduction
  • Institutional Infrastructure in a Development Context 
  • Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding
  • Social Media and Social Movements

No conference fee is charged and lunch will be provided. We wish to introduce our guests to the renowned local cuisine.

Selected conference papers will be published in the school-internal peer-reviewed journal: Peace, Conflict and Development (http://www.bradford.ac.uk/ssis/peace-conflict-and-development/). It is also envisaged that an edited book based on the conference papers will be put together and published.

Programme

Registration for the conference starts at 9.30 am, with the conference taking place from 10.00 am to 5.00 pm on the same day.  

Human Security and Responsibility to Protect

The notion of human security might help scholars to operationalize and frame the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) doctrine. This doctrine is supposed to offer a range of specific policy choices and instruments to assist failing or failed states, which show to be unable or unwilling to protect their own citizens. The range of intervening options the UN Security Council’s permanent members have adopted so far are more focused on protecting the nation-state and are of a military nature. The concept of human security can be used as a framework for the further development and application of R2P, which may allow for conflict scenario interventions other than those purely of military nature. This panel invites contributions that may fit under the umbrella of human security specifically in situations that call on the responsibility to protect:

  • Human Security Framework
  • Responsibility to Protect
  • Social Justice in Conflict Situations

Social Protection and Poverty Reduction

There is a growing consensus around the view that social protection constitutes an effective response to poverty and vulnerability in developing countries, and an essential component of economic and social development strategies. Well-designed social protection programmes can contribute effectively in reducing risk and vulnerability and increasing access to assets and markets. Yet there are many challenges to implementing programmes in poor countries, some of which are the lack of fiscal space and political support, weak institutional and administrative capacity and high incidence of corruption. This panel calls for papers in any of the three strands of social protection:

  • Social insurance
  • Social assistance 
  • Labour market regulation

Institutional Infrastructure in a Development Context

Without institutions neither economic laws nor fiscal or monetary policies can be applied. It is impossible to imagine our world today without institutions, yet these may require continuous adaptation in accordance with a continuously changing social and political environment. With the current shift of attention from economic design to market dynamics, questions concerning organising and governance arise in economic debates. In this sense, a critical assessment of established institutions in the context of infrastructure or organizational bodies may be crucial to improve the global, regional, and local economic climate. This panel invites contributions on the role of institutional bodies in situational contexts, for instance along the lines of:

  • Effects of institutions on the economic climate
  • Role of institutions in development
  • Institutions and policy application

Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding

This theme is chosen widely to cover issues ranging from third party mediation initiatives in conflict situations to conflict transformation that aims at bringing communities together in post-conflict settings. The overall aim of this session is to present papers/articles that focus not only on conflict resolution initiatives that intend to stop direct fighting between the conflicting entities, but post-war reconstruction and peacebuilding issues are also crucial for consideration in order to bridge the gap between /among the former protagonist communities. Considering the institutional focus, this theme welcomes submissions of the following areas:

  • Mediating conflicts and Peace Accords
  • Post-conflict/ War Reconstruction
  • Security Sector Reform and DDR (Disarmament, Demobilisation and Re-integration)
  • Peacebuilding: UN and other institutional approaches
  • Reconciliation Conflict Transformation

Social Movements and Social Media

The events from Tahir Square in 2011 made apparent the need to critically assess the correlation that exists between social media and social movements. At the centre of this critique should also stand the role that global media might play in relation to the empowerment of the people, against their manipulation and the upholding of propagandist interests. This panel invites contributions and reflections on whether or not it is possible to identify the impact of global media on social and political transformation processes, and the ways social movements take place. 

  • Globalized media institutions
  • Social movements / political transformation processes
  • People's empowerment