Mr Rob Janaway
|Position||Lecturer in Forensic and Archaeological Sciences|
|Location||J29, Richmond building|
|Department||School of Archaeological and Forensic Sciences|
|Telephone||+44 (0) 1274 233543|
Teaching and Supervisory Responsibilities
- Forensic Archaeology
- Forensic Taphonomy
- Archaeological Conservation
Course manager: MSc Forensic Archaeology & Crime Scene Investigation
Rob is Lecturer in Archaeological Sciences and has more than 35 years experience of Archaeology in both the field and the laboratory.
He originally qualified in Archaeological Conservation and specialised in the relationship between materials degradation and depositional environments.
He has worked on a range archaeological sites including, peat bogs, desert sites, and deep stratified urban deposits. He is a specialist on the taphonomy of inhumation burials and has worked on material from cemeteries, crypts and mausoleums.
In addition to a traditional archaeological role he acts as a Forensic Archaeologist. He has worked on more than 25 criminal cases for a variety of British police forces in a variety of roles including excavator and taphonomy consultant. He has acted as an expert witness in court.
- Forensic Archaeologist to Independent Commission for location of Victim’s Remains (ICLVR), to recover the bodies of “the disappeared” from Ireland predominately from 1970s and 1980s
- Consultant Forensic Archaeologist to UK police forces including Cleveland, West Yorkshire, North Yorkshire, Metropolitan police
- Founder Member of Forensic Search Advisory Group (FSAG) (recognised by Association of Chief Police Officers)
- Member of Geoforensics and Information Management for Crime Investigations (GIMI) network (Forensic Taphonomy advisor)
- External examiner (Forensic Archaeology) to University of Bournemouth
- Member of Fields of Conflict Steering Group (funded by English Heritage and hosted by Centre for Medieval Studies, Leeds University) – specialist in battlefield taphonomy
- Consultant/Advisor (Taphonomy) to Battlefields Trust (Bosworth and Edgehill Battlefield projects)
- Consultant (Taphonomy and Conservation) to Messines Ridge Excavations (WWI)
His early research focussed on the taphonomy of inhumation burials and combined approaches from both archaeological and forensic science. This resulted in the key publication: Boddington, Garland and Janaway eds. (1987) Death, Decay and Reconstruction.
This was followed by further consideration of the taphonomy of archaeological burials in Garland and Janaway (1989) The Taphonomy of Inhumation Burials (In Roberts, Lee and Bintliff eds. Burial Archaeology: Current Research, Methods and Developments.
Further work was carried out on the 18th/19th century crypt burials including the major Christchurch Spitalfields Project. This refined ideas concerning the decomposition of bodies under different conditions and their effect of textiles and other associated materials buried with it. This led to both site specific reports (e.g. Janaway 1993) and review papers (Janaway 1998).
With a growing involvement in Forensic Archaeology, research focussed onto areas that are relevant to both forensic and archaeological research questions.
In conjunction with Andrew Wilson there have been extensive field experiments using pig carcasses as human body analogues. These have been used to refine ideas concerning the dynamic environment in the grave during soft tissue decomposition.
Recent outputs include (Wilson et al. 2007). He has continued to publish both in the field of forensic taphonomy (Janaway 2002) with a new publication due out later in 2007 (Janaway in press) as well as more general Forensic Archaeology review papers such as (Janaway 2006).
He has recently conducted taphonomy field experiments in conjunction with Dr. A Wilson and post-graduate students from Bradford at the Anthropological Research Facility, Knoxville, Tennessee and in the coastal desert of Southern Peru.
Recent archaeological work has included the analysis of textiles and clothing from the Wreck of the Mary Rose with a former student (Emma Green) published in: Gardiner, J. and Richards, M. eds. Before the Mast: Life and Death Aboard the Mary Rose.
There has also been a consideration of the taphonomy and conservation of material from WWI sites in Flanders and the relationship between soil chemistry, land use and the survival of vulnerable metal artefacts from the medieval battlefield of Bosworth Field.
- Janaway, R. C., A. S. Wilson, G. Carpio Díaz & S. Guillen in press (2009). Taphonomic changes to the buried body in arid environments: an experimental case study in Peru. In K. Ritz, L. Dawson and D. Miller (ed.) Criminal & Environmental Soil Forensics: 341-356. New York: Springer
- Abdel-Ghani, M., H. G. M. Edwards, B. Stern & R. Janaway 2009. Characterization of paint and varnish on a medieval Coptic-Byzantine icon: Novel usage of dammar resin?. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy 73: 566-575
- Janaway, R. C., S. L. Percival & A. S. Wilson 2009. Decomposition of Human Remains. In S. L. Percival (ed.) Microbiology and Aging: 313-334. New York: Springer
- Janaway, R. C., A. S. Wilson, G. Carpio Díaz & S. Guillen 2009. Taphonomic changes to the buried body in arid environments: an experimental case study in Peru. In K. Ritz, L. Dawson and D. Miller (eds) Criminal and Environmental Soil Forensics: 341-356. New York: Springer
- Janaway, R. C., S. L. Percival & A. S. Wilson 2009. Decomposition of human remains. In S. L. Percival (ed.) Microbiology and Aging: Clinical Manifestations: New York: Springer
- Abdel-Ghani, M., H. G. M. Edwards, R. Janaway & B. Stern 2008. A Raman Microscopic and Gas Chromatographic- Mass Spectrometric Study of Two 19th Century Overlapping Coptic icons of Anastasy Al-Romi. ICAVS-4 special issue Vibrational Spectroscopy 48: 69-75.
- Janaway, R. C. 2008. The decomposition of materials associated with buried cadavers. In M. Tibbett and D. O. Carter (ed.) Soil Analysis in Forensic Taphonomy: Chemical and Biological Effects of Buried Human Remains: 153-202. Boca Raton: CRC Press
- Janaway, R. C. 2008. Forensic Archaeology: Digging Deeper. Public Service Review Issue 18: 116-117.
- Petrou, M., H. G. M. Edwards, R. C. Janaway, P. Kavvouras, G. B. Thompson & A. S. Wilson 2008. The degradation of lignocellulosics under conditions applicable to wetlands in northern Greece. In H. Kars and R. M. Van Heeringen (ed.) Preserving archaeological remains in situ. Proceedings of the 3rd conference 7-9 December 2006: Geoarchaeological and Bioarchaeological studies 10. 47-54. Amsterdam:
- Wilson, A. S., H. I. Dodson, R. C. Janaway, A. M. Pollard & D. J. Tobin 2007. Selective biodegradation in hair shafts derived from archaeological, forensic and experimental contexts. British Journal of Dermatology 157: 450-457.
- Wilson, A. S., R. C. Janaway, A. D. Holland, H. I. Dodson, E. Baran, A. M. Pollard & D. J. Tobin 2007. Modelling the buried human body environment in upland climes using three contrasting field sites. Forensic Science International 169: 6-18.
- Wilson, A. S., M. P. Richards, B. Stern, R. C. Janaway, A. M. Pollard & D. J. Tobin 2007. Information on Grauballe man from his hair. In P. Asingh and N. Lynnerup (ed.) Grauballe Man: An Iron Age Bog Body Revisited: 188-195. Moesgaard: Jutland Archaeological Society
- Abdel-Ghani, M., R. Janaway, B. Stern & H. Edwards 2006. Analytical Investigation into a 13th Century Coptic - Byzantine Icon Using Raman Spectroscopy. In H. Hanna (ed.) Icon and Portrait International Conference, 18-20 September 2006, Alexandria, Egypt: 87-96. Cairo: Saint Mena Monastery Press
- Forster, M., J. Gardiner, E. Green, R. C. Janaway, Q. Mould & K. Buckland 2006. Silk Hats to Woolly Socks: Clothing Remains from the Mary Rose. In J. Gardiner and M. P. Richards (ed.) Before the Mast: Life and Death aboard the Mary Rose: The Archaeology of the Mary Rose, Volume 4. Portsmouth: Mary Rose Trust
- Gilbert, M. T. P., R. C. Janaway, D. J. Tobin, A. Cooper & A. S. Wilson 2006. Histological correlates of postmortem mitochondrial DNA damage in degraded hair. Forensic Science International 156: 201-207.
- Gilbert, M. T. P., L. Menez, R. C. Janaway, D. J. Tobin, A. Cooper & A. S. Wilson 2006. Resistance of degraded hair shafts to contaminant DNA. Forensic Science International 156: 208-212.
- Janaway, R. C. 2006. Forensic archaeology and forensic taphonomy experience in the UK: implications for the recovery of physical evidence. Indian Journal of Physical Anthropology and Human Genetics 25: 131-150.
- Hopkins, H., L. Watling, R. C. Janaway, D. Robinson & W. Seale 2005. Understanding the economic influence of the dyeing industry in Pompeii through the application of experimental archaeology and thermodynamics. In R. C. Janaway and P. Wyeth (ed.) Scientific Analyses of Ancient and Historic Textiles, AHRC Research Centre for Textile Conservation and Textile Studies, First Annual Conference: London: Archetype
- Janaway, R. C. & P. Wyeth (ed.) 2005. Scientific Analyses of Ancient and Historic Textiles, AHRC Research Centre for Textile Conservation and Textile Studies, First Annual Conference. London: Archetype.
- Gilbert, M. T., A. S. Wilson, M. Bunce, A. J. Hansen, E. Willerslev, B. Shapiro, T. F. Higham, M. P. Richards, T. C. O'Connell, D. J. Tobin, R. C. Janaway & A. Cooper 2004. Ancient mitochondrial DNA from hair. Current Biology 14: R463-4.
- Wilson, A. S., H. I. Dodson, R. C. Janaway, A. M. Pollard & D. J. Tobin 2004. The development of a histological index for assessing the condition of hair from archaeological or forensic contexts. Journal of the German Society of Dermatology 2: 515.
- Janaway, R. C., A. S. Wilson, A. D. Holland & E. N. Baran 2003. Taphonomic change to the buried body and associated materials in an upland peat environment: experiments using pig carcasses as human body analogues. In N. Lynnerup, C. Andreasen and J. Berglund (ed.) Mummies in a New Millenium: 56-59. Copenhagen: Greenland National Museum and Archives & Danish Polar Center
- Vlachou-Mogire, C., R. C. Janaway & G. McDonnell 2003. Investigation of the manufacturing technology of mid-3rd/4th century AD Roman coins using experimental Archaeometallurgy techniques. In Anon (ed.) International Conference Archaeometallurgy in Europe: 569-576. Milan:
- Wilson, A. S., H. I. Dodson, R. C. Janaway, A. M. Pollard & D. J. Tobin 2003. Survival and alteration - experiments in hair degradation. In N. Lynnerup, C. Andreasen and J. Berglund (ed.) Mummies in a New Millenium: 63-66. Nuuk, Greenland: Greenland National Museum and Archives, Danish Polar Center
- Janaway, R. C. 2002. Degradation of clothing and other dress materials associated with buried bodies of both archaeological and forensic interest. In W. D. Haglund and M. H. Sorg (ed.) Advances in Forensic Taphonomy: Method, Theory and Archaeological Perspectives: 379-402. Boca Raton: CRC Press
- O'Connor, S., J. Maher & R. Janaway 2002. Towards a replacement for xeroradiography. The Conservator 26: 100-114.
- Vlachou, C., G. McDonnell & R. C. Janaway 2002. The experimental investigation of silvering in late Roman coinage. In (ed.) Materials Issues in Art and Archaeology, Boston Massachusetts, USA: II9.2.1- II9.2.9. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings Vol 712
- Vlachou, C., G. McDonnell & R. C. Janaway 2002. The investigation of degradation effects in silvered copper alloy Roman coins. Conservation Science 236-242.
- Vlachou, C., G. McDonnell & R. C. Janaway 2002. New Evidence for the process used to silver plate counterfeit dirhams. Numismatic Chronicle 162: 356-358.
- Caffell, A. C., C. A. Roberts, R. C. Janaway & A. S. Wilson 2001. Pressures on Osteological Collections - The Importance of Damage Limitation. In E. Williams (ed.) Human Remains: Conservation, Retrieval and Analysis: British Archaeological Reports International Series 934. 187-197. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports
- Janaway, R. C., A. S. Wilson, A. C. Caffell & C. A. Roberts 2001. Human skeletal collections: the responsibilities of project managers, physical anthropologists, conservators and the need for standardised condition assessments. In E. Williams (ed.) Human Remains: Conservation, Retrieval and Analysis: British Archaeological Reports International Series 934. 199-208. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports
- Wilson, A. S., R. A. Dixon, H. I. Dodson, R. C. Janaway, A. M. Pollard, B. Stern & D. J. Tobin 2001. Yesterday's Hair - Human Hair in Archaeology. Biologist 48: 213-217.
- Wilson, A. S., R. A. Dixon, H. G. M. Edwards, D. W. Farwell, R. C. Janaway, A. M. Pollard & D. J. Tobin 2001. Towards an Understanding of the Interaction of Hair with the Depositional Environment. Chungara, Revista de Antropologia Chilena 33: 293-296.
- Wilson, A. S., R. A. Dixon, R. C. Janaway, A. M. Pollard, B. Stern & D. J. Tobin 2001. Yesterday's Hair - Human Hair in Archaeology. Biologist 48: 213-217.
- Wilson, A. S., R. C. Janaway, A. M. Pollard, R. A. Dixon & D. J. Tobin 2001. Survival of Human Hair - The Impact of the Burial Environment. In E. Williams (ed.) Human Remains, Conservation, Retrieval and Analysis: British Archaeological Reports International Series 934. 119-128. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports
- Lawson, T., D. W. Hopkins, J. A. Chudek, R. C. Janaway & M. G. Bell 2000. The Experimental Earthwork at Wareham, Dorset after 33 Years: 3. Interaction of Soil Organisms with Buried Materials. Journal of Archaeological Science 27: 273-285