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Referencing books and book chapters

Books

A reference to a book or another printed work such as a pamphlet will look like this: 

Author (Date) Title. Edition. Place of publication (this is optional): Publisher.

Examples of references

Burns, N. and Grove, S.K. (2005) The practice of nursing research: conduct, critique, and utilization. 5th edition. Elsevier Saunders.

Johnson, G., Hill-Smith, I. and Ellis, C. (editors) (2006) The minor illness manual. Abingdon: Radcliffe.

ACI Committee (2008) Report on measurements of workability and rheology of fresh concrete238. Farmington Hills: American Concrete Institute.

BNF 71 (2016) London: BMJ Group and Pharmaceutical Press.

Examples of citing in the text of your work: Burns and Grove (2005) or (Burns and Grove 2005); ACI Committee (2008) or (ACI Committee 2008).

Example of citing in the text of your work for a direct quote: give the page number: Burns and Grove (2005: 32).

See the section on Citing within the text of written work for a complete guide to doing your citations.

Note: The first reference you make in the body of the text to the BNF should spell it out in full, e.g. (BNF: British National Formulary 2016). See the Corporate Authors section of the Citing within the text of written work section.

Here are the full rules about each piece of information:

  1. The author(s), editor(s) or corporate author. Use family name, followed by author’s initial(s), not their full personal name(s). If you have editors rather than authors, add the word (editors).
  2. The year of publication (in round brackets).
  3. The title of the book: the subtitle if it has one, which must all be in italics.
  4. The edition, if it is not the first edition. For example, 2nd edition or revised edition.
  5. (This is optional) The city or town of publication followed by a colon:
  6. The publisher.

This information should be taken from the front (or back) of the title page, not the book cover.

Note: If you are just referring to one chapter in an edited book, use the rule for Chapters in books.

Note: The city or town of publication is optional. You can include the information if it helps to distinguish the book you are referencing from similarly named works. This is especially useful when referencing historic works. However, if it is a modern work with many places of publication, that information can be omitted.

Note: In certain subjects, such as archaeological sciences, you should add the page number to the citation to all book references unless it is an edited book or if you are using a very general piece of information covered by the whole book.

EndNote reference type – use Book

Electronic books

Electronic books should be cited in your text like other books, except that if you are using a direct quote and the book does not have page numbers, you should use the information you do have – for example, location number or percentage.

A reference to an electronic book will look like this:

Author(s) or Editor(s) (Year) Title. Edition. Place of publication (this is optional): Publisher. Web address and date accessed (only use these if you download the whole book from a website).

Examples of references

Fergus, H.A. (2004) Montserrat: History of a Caribbean colony. 2nd edition. Oxford: Macmillan/Kindle.

Rivenberg, R.H. (1914) A review of algebra. American Book Company. https://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/38536 Accessed 10 August 2015.

Examples of citing in the text of your work: Fergus (2004) or (Fergus 2004)

Examples of citing in the text of your work for a direct quote, with page numbers or location numbers: Smith (2015: 219) or (Smith 2015: 219); Fergus (2004: location 1054) or (Fergus 2004: location 1054); Muller (2010: 77% into book) or (Muller 2010: 77% into book).

See the section on Citing within the text of written work for a complete guide to doing your citations.

Note: If you downloaded the book on to an e-reader and therefore it doesn’t have page numbers, you can include the type of device in the Publisher section to make it clear that it is an ebook: for example Macmillan/Kindle.

 Here are the full rules about each piece of information:

  1. Author(s), editor(s) or corporate author. Use family name, followed by author’s initial(s), not their full personal name(s).
  2. Year of publication (in round brackets).
  3. Title: subtitle if it has one, which must be in italics.
  4. Edition number, if it is not the first edition. For example, 2nd edition.
  5. (This is optional.) City or town of publication followed by a colon:
  6. Publisher.

If you read or downloaded the whole book from a website:

7. Web address

8."Accessed" followed by the date you looked at the book.

EndNote reference type – use Electronic Book

EndNote cannot cope with location numbers instead of page numbers; you will need to edit your citation by hand (see Manually editing EndNote® citations or references)

 

Chapters in books

This is for use with books where different chapters are written by different people, and an editor pulls the whole book together. If the same people wrote the book all the way through, use the rules for referencing books.

A reference to a chapter in an edited book must include the author, date and title of the chapter, followed by the word “In”, followed by a full reference for the book in which it’s published, and finally the page numbers of the chapter. Editor(s) are distinguished from authors by adding the word “editor” for a single editor and “editors” for multiple editors. (An editor is different from an author: the author writes a single chapter, then the editor gathers the chapters together to form a book.)

A reference to a chapter within an edited book will look like this:

Author(s) (Year) Title of chapter or section. In Editor(s). (the word “editor(s)”) Title of book. Edition. Place of publication (this is optional): Publisher. Start page-end page of chapter.

Examples of references

Boud, D. and Walker, D. (2003) Barriers to reflection on experience. In Downie, C. M. and Basford, P. (editors) Mentoring in practice. University of Greenwich Press. 261-273.

Blane, D. (2006) The life course, the social gradient, and health. In Marmot, M. (editor) Social determinants of health. Oxford: Open University Press. 54-77.

Examples of citing in the text of your work: Boud and Walker (2003) or (Boud and Walker 2003).

See the section on Citing within the text of written work for a complete guide to doing your citations.

Here are the full rules about each piece of information:

  1. Author(s) of the chapter/section. Use family name, followed by initial(s).
  2. Year of publication (in round brackets).
  3. Title of the chapter/section.
  4. The word “In”
  5. Editor(s) or corporate author(s) of the book. Use family name, then initial(s).
  6. The word “(editor(s))” inside brackets
  7. Title of the book, which must be in italics
  8. Edition number, if it is not the first edition. For example, 2nd edition.
  9. (This is optional) Town or city of publication followed by a colon:
  10. Publisher.
  11. First and last page numbers of the chapter/section (separated by a dash -).

EndNote reference type - use Book Section

 

Book series

You may encounter thematic series of books, such as the British Archaeological Reports or the Ecological Studies series.

A reference for a book that is part of a book series will look like:

Author(s) or Editor(s) (Year) Title. Book series name and the number of this book. Edition. Place of publication (this is optional): Publisher.

Examples of references

Gaffney, V., Fitch, S. and Smith, D. (2009) Europe’s lost world: the rediscovery of Doggerland. CBA research report 154. York: Council for British Archaeology.

Verhoeven, J. (2006) Wetlands and natural resource management. Ecological studies 190. Berlin: Springer.

Example of citing in the text of your work: Gaffney et al. (2009) or (Gaffney et al 2009).

See the section on Citing within the text of written work for a complete guide to doing your citations.

Here are the full rules about each piece of information:

  1. Author(s), editor(s) or corporate author. Use family name, followed by author’s initial(s), not full first name(s).
  2. Year of publication (in round brackets).
  3. Title and any subtitle, which must be in italics.
  4. The name of the book series and the book’s number within the series.
  5. Edition number, if it is not the first edition.
  6. (This is optional) City or town of publication followed by a colon:
  7. Publisher.

EndNote reference type - use Book

 

 

Chapters in book series

You may come across an edited volume (that is, one in which the chapters are written by different authors) which is also part of a series. Your reference needs to give the details of the chapter first, then the word “In”, then the details of the book, then the details of the series.

A reference to a chapter from a book in a series will look like:

Author(s) (Year) Chapter or section title. In Editor(s) (editors) Book Title. Book series title and the number of the book. Place of publication (this is optional): Publisher, page numbers of chapter.

Example of reference

McCarthy, M.R. (2000) Prehistoric settlement in northern Cumbria. In Harding, J. and Johnston, R. (editors) Northern pasts: interpretations of the later prehistory of Northern England and Southern Scotland. British archaeological reports British series 302. Oxford: Archaeopress, 131-140.

Example of citing in the text of your work: McCarthy (2000) or (McCarthy 2000).

See the section on Citing within the text of written work for a complete guide to doing your citations.

Here are the full rules about each piece of information:

  1. Author(s) of the chapter/section. Use family name, followed by initial(s).
  2. Year of publication (in round brackets).
  3. The title of the chapter/section.
  4. In
  5. Editor(s) of the book. Family name, initial(s).
  6. The word (editor) or (editors) in brackets
  7. The title of the book, which must be in italics
  8. The name of the book series and the book’s number within the series.
  9. (This is optional) Town or city of publication followed by a colon:
  10. Publisher.
  11. The first and last page numbers of the chapter/section.

EndNote reference type - use Book Section