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The reference list or bibliography

reference list contains the full details of the material you have referred to in your assignment. It is a required part of your coursework. It is one list in alphabetical order (A-Z order). It goes at the end of your piece of work. It is not counted in the word count for your assignment.

bibliography is a list of background material, used to gather ideas or generally inform your work, but not specifically referred to in your assignment. It is not usually required so you will be specifically told if you need to add one. It is listed in alphabetical order.

Some departments may use the word “bibliography” in the way this document uses the words “reference list”. In that case, simply name the reference list “Bibliography”.

Sample Reference List/Bibliography

@NHSChoices (2014) High-salt diet linked to 1.6 million heart deaths. NHS Choices. 15 Aug 2014. Accessed 15 Aug 2014.

3 Sided Cube (2014) Eye Check by Boots Opticians. [Mobile app] iTunes Store.Accessed 20 March 2015.

ACI Committee (2008) Report on measurements of workability and rheology of fresh concrete238.Farmington Hills: American Concrete Institute.

Barnes, A. (2006) Enzyme could help Celiac Disease patients tolerate gluten:10 September. The Dermatitis Herpetiformis Online Community Blog. Accessed 28 June 2014.

Blane, D. (2006) The life course, the social gradient, and health. In Marmot, M. and Wilkinson, R.G. (editors) Social determinants of health. Oxford: Open University Press. 54-77.

Blazer-Riley, J. (2000) Communication in nursing. 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby. Cited in: McCabe, C. and Timmins, F. (2006) Communication skills for nursing practice. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan:126.

BNF 71 (2016) London: BMJ Group and Pharmaceutical Press.

British Standards Institution (2013) BS ISO/IEC 27001:2013: Information technology: security techniques: information security management systems: requirements. Accessed 22 July 2014.

Blizzard Entertainment (2007) World of Warcraft. [Computer game] Downloaded 12 December 2012.

Boud, D. and Walker, D. (2003) Barriers to reflection on experience. In Downie, C. M. and Basford, P. (editors) Mentoring in practice. University of Greenwich. 261-273.

Fergus, H.A. (2004) Montserrat: History of a Caribbean colony. 2nd edition. Oxford: Macmillan/Kindle.

Foreman, J. L. and Gubbins, E. J. (2015) Teachers see what ability scores cannot: predicting student performance with challenging mathematics. Journal of advanced academics 26(1), 5-23.

Host Organisation (2007) Ward procedures for the paediatric wards. [Hospital policy document] Host Organisation.

Hrafnkel's saga and other Icelandic stories (no date) Translated Palsson, H. (1971) Harmondsworth: Penguin Classics.

Janaway, R.C., Percival, S.L. and Wilson, A.S. (2009a) Decomposition of human remains. In Percival, S.L. (editor) Microbiology and Aging. Humana Press, 313-334.

Janaway, R.C., Wilson, A.S., Díaz, G.C. & Guillen, S. (2009b) Taphonomic changes to the buried body in arid environments: An experimental case study in Peru. In Ritz, K., Dawson, L. and Miller, D. (editors) Criminal and Environmental Soil Forensics. Bradford: Springer, 341-356

Johnes, M. (2008) A prince, a king, and a referendum: rugby, politics, and nationhood in Wales, 1969–1979. Journal of British studies 47, 129-148.

Kim, C.Y., Rizvan, A., Mirza, M.D., Joshua, A. and Bryant, M.D. (2008) Central veins of the chest: evaluation with time-resolved MR angiography. Radiology Accessed 27 March 2014.

King’s Fund (2013) An alternative guide to the new NHS in England. [Video] King’s Fund. Accessed 15 August 2014.

Levi-Strauss, C. (1977) Anthropologie structural [Structural anthropology]. Translated Layto, M. London: Allen Lane.

Lovelock, J. (1996) The Common Cold Unit recordings. [Audio file] Accessed 3 May 2014.

Meijer. J.H. and Robbers, Y. (2014) Wheel running in the wild. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 281(1786):20140210. Cited in: Something About Science (2017) A picture is worth a thousand words. Something About Science Accessed 12 February 2017.

NHS England (2016) NHS standard contract 2017/18 and 2018/19: service conditions (shorter form). NHS England. Accessed 13 February 2017.

Nishimura, Y., Saito, M., Kamei, H. and Cobb, A. (1996) An applied survey on buried mounded tombs by using 3-component magnetometer and earth radar system. Annales geophysicae 14(S1), c164.

Ordnance Survey (1999) Anglesey East, sheet 263, 1:25,000. (Landranger series). Southampton: Ordnance Survey.

Paul, J., Stechele, W., Kroehnert, M. and Asfour, T. (2014) Improving efficiency of embedded multi-core platforms with scratchpad memories. In 27th International Conference on Architecture of Computing Systems (ARCS), Luebeck, Germany, 25-28 February. VDE Verlag. 371-378. Accessed 13 March 2015.

Science Museum (2017) Shadow Biped robot. [Photograph] Accessed 15 February 2017. 

Senogles, H. (1938) The standing stones of Anglesey. Anglesey antiquarian society and field club transactions. 38, 24 – 29.  Cited in: Dyer, J. (1990) Ancient Britain. University of Philadelphia Press: 58.

Sterne, J.A.C., Egger, M. and Smith, G.D. (2001) Systematic reviews in health care: Investigating and dealing with publication and other biases in meta-analysis. BMJ 323(7304), 101-105.

Student, A. (2015) Survey of 15 local video game designers about their workflow. Work undertaken as part of Indie Games: Concept, Design and Development module 2015-6. School of Media Design and Technology, University of Bradford.

Verhoeven, J. (2006) Wetlands and natural resource management. Ecological studies 190. Berlin: Springer.

Welles, O. (1941) Citizen Kane [Film] USA: RKO Radio Pictures.

Wells, C. (no date) Notes on the cremation burials at North Elmham: B 0532 CAL/4. University of Bradford, JB Priestley Library Special Collections.

Yulei, W. (2010) Performance modelling and evaluation of heterogeneous wired / wireless networks under Bursty Traffic: analytical models for performance analysis of communication networks in multi-computer systems, multi-cluster systems, and integrated wireless systems. PhD thesis. University of Bradford Accessed 22 July 2014.