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Dr Mark Van Hoorebeek

PositionSenior Lecturer in Law
LocationPemberton 1.31
DepartmentSchool of Law
Feedback HoursPlease book an appointment via email.
My normal office hour is Friday 12-1PM.
Telephone01274 236780
Blog AddressVisit my blog

Research Interests (key words only)

Intellectual property, Open source, regulation of the internet and cyberspace, Disability law, Technology enhanced learning (e-learning), Legal communication and marketing impacts of web/internet applications

PhD Supervision

PhD students
Nadia Naim: Intellectual Property within the Gulf Cooperation Council. (Completed 2016)
Muhammad Usman: Cyberlaw and Sovereignty.
Saima Manzoor: Attitudes of WTO members to Genetically Modified Organisms and the ramification to trade. (2016 intake)
Hazem Alsmadi: The Implementation and Enforcement of intellectual property laws in Jordan. (2016 intake)

Mark is interested in taking on PhD candidates interested in Cyberlaw and cryptography, intellectual property and aspects of public law.

Teaching and Supervisory Responsibilities

Mark teaches at a range of levels through undergraduate, postgraduate to doctoral supervision and executive education provision. Recently a significant proportion of his time has been spent on the creation of business focused digital learning and teaching objects which lever research expertise into practical guidance for businesses. Mark teaches intellectual property to the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) and has previously collaborated with The University of Cambridge and The University of Sheffield in the creation of various e-learning courses. His teaching areas include Intellectual Property Law, Innovation and Technology Transfer, Alternative Dispute Resolution, Public Law, Internet/Cyberlaw, Business Law and Sharia Law (specifically financial instruments and intellectual property)

Mark was awarded the Baroness Lockwood Award for Distinguished Teaching (BLADT) in 2009 and was listed in the Dean's list for distinguished teaching for 2008/9 and 2009/10. In 2011 Mark was the single university representative for the HEA's National Teaching Fellowship scheme. Mark is an associate of the HEA and a student member of the Chartered Institute of Patent Attorneys.

Public Law
Intellectual Property Law
Internet (Cyber) Law
Business Law

Intellectual property and sustainability

Legal environment of Business
Innovation and Intellectual property
Project and Practice Management

Administrative Responsibilities

Mark fulfils a lead role in the Bradford University Innocence Project which actively engages with the local legal community, including solicitors, the council and CAB’s. Interactions within the local region can improve the university network and can often lead to further work.


Mark possesses a biotechnology and genetics background, having taken a first degree in Biotechnology and Microbiology at the University of Sheffield. After government employment in this sector (MAFF/DEFRA), he continued his studies into the field of law, studying and later teaching at the University of Sheffield. Mark achieved a PhD award in the area of intellectual property and the public private divide and has also completed a Post Graduate Certificate in Management and Leadership in Higher Education. Mark has experience in the full range of university provision from the design, to the delivery and end stage examination at Undergraduate, Masters and Doctoral level and has also led executive education and programme creation initiatives; most recently a new professionally accredited Masters level Architectural and Construction MBA course. He has a wide range of research interests gathered round a common theme of innovation, intellectual property and commercialisation which includes sustainability in building design, nanotechnology and open source technologies. Mark has secured a number of grants in the areas of learning and teaching, specifically in regard to the engagement with business.

Study History

BSc Biotechnology and Microbiology, PhD

Research Areas

Mark has the following research interests:

  • Intellectual property including patents, copyright and the fixation of know how within innovation processes. Mark specifically looks at the concept of technology enhancement uptake inhibitors and has done so in a range of areas.
  • University knowledge exchange and technology transfer.
  • Open source systems.
  • The regulation of the internet and cyberspace.
  • Disability law.
  • Technology enhanced learning (e-learning).
  • Legal, communication and marketing impacts of web/internet applications.
  • Further work can be accessed at:

Current Projects

Mark has experience in a wide variety of funding applications to the various funding bodies including the ERSC, EPRSC, TSB, HEA and has participated in European Framework bids within a regional development agency framework. Mark is currently developing a Local Enterprise Partnership (LEP) in line with the developing guidance provided by the government.

External Funding Awards 2008-2012

Successful bids

£20,920 UK Intellectual Property Office: The feasibility of using shared technology transfer protocols in regard to the patent research exemptions
This project analyses the feasibility of using shared technology transfer protocols in regard to the research exemptions across different public sector institutions within the Bradford region. This project will identify best practice from the national and international sphere and subsequently investigate the potential of shared protocols in the progression of public sector innovation into the market place. This analysis will facilitate the further incorporation of intellectual property management protocols related to the research exemptions and will subsequently enable good decisions to be made from the ground upwards.

£15,590 ESCalate funding: The utilisation of accreditation of prior learning (APL) in response to business and accreditation bodies requirements. (Applicant and Principal Investigator)
This grant award involved matched funding from the ESCalate HEA subject centre. Working in conjunction with a number of architectural and construction organisations, a combination of APEL (accreditation of prior experiential learning) and APCL (accreditation of prior certified learning) was utilised to provide a unique pathway to a postgraduate certificate/diploma/MBA award. The Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) are currently marketing this provision to their national and international network of architects.

£21,000 JISC Open Educational Resources: Leveraging open source in a range of environments. (Applicant and Principal Investigator)
This project involved matched funding aimed at the promotion of open educational resources in the area of law and business. Many businesses can benefit from the use of open source software to decrease costs and improve efficiency by avoiding software lock in. The same can be said for reusable learning objects licensed in a creative commons way. This provides another method to engage with both students and the wider business community through the production of “show case” learning and teaching objects.

£13,252 City Solicitors Educational Trust Award: Improving the knowledge transfer in the area of administrative law and Islamic financial instruments (Applicant and Principal Investigator)
This project grant dealt with the processes universities use to respond to a new opportunity within the marketplace. In this particular instance there was a need for further training in the area of Islamic financial instruments and to this end a range of modules were proposed, designed and quality assured within a short time frame. This project produced materials that were recognised nationally and also enabled the University of Bradford to further engage with the training needs of companies serving the needs of the local community.

£5,350 UKCLE: Project Development Fund Grant Award: Islamic financial instruments and the application of novel intellectual property instruments within sharia financial markets. (Applicant and Principal Investigator)
Due to Bradford University's international links there have been a number of opportunities which have opened up as sharia financial instruments have progressed. This successful grant bid enabled Bradford University to quickly respond to needs expressed by businesses to provide their staff with an understanding of Islamic financial instruments. The project also has the potential to be franchised into the various international provisions provided by Bradford University.

£6,000 BLADT research award: Technology enhanced teaching. (Applicant and Principal Investigator)
This project investigated a range of technologies that improved the student experience; not only focusing on technologies used in lectures and seminars but moreover the technologies that can be used in the workplace as part of accreditation and further executive education. Universities have the expertise to utilise research to provide perspective on business problems, this project focused on the best way to deliver this expertise to the client. This project received a further £1000 pounds funding from the business engagement enhancement fund

£1,500 LERN: Legal Education Research Network: HACK ME!: Non-standard game based learning and teaching in the area of cyber law. (Applicant and Principal Investigator)
This project involves the investigation of non-standard off-site learning formats being used within universities and external environments. Many smaller firms due to budgetary constraints are unable to provide basic security for their computer systems. By utilising off-site teaching and a game based format the basics of computer security can be taught at an appropriate level to all members of the student body and on-site staff of businesses.

£1,000 JANET (the UK's education and research network) funding: The utilisation of ad hoc network provision to facilitate (1) offsite mobile teaching delivery and (2) capacity building with existing networks. (Applicant and Principal Investigator)
This project focused entirely on improving network coverage of mobile phones and internet enabled tablets in regards to the delivery of on-site training in a healthcare context. The project responded to the high end training needs needs outlined by the partnering private sector provider of health care.

Pending bids

People, Energy Buildings EPRSC consortium bid (Pending) Embedding learning and teaching sustainability in buildings.

Local Enterprise Partnership (Pending) Crowd sourcing architectural and construction markets.


Editorial Board membership: International Journal of Electronic Democracy


Publications 2008-2016


Focusing on the employee: Contractual control of intellectual property rights. S.L. Rev. 2016, 76 (Win).

Military patents and cryptography as munitions: Government incursions into the patent sphere. S.L. Rev. 2016, 74 (Spr).


The obligation of confidence, Non-Disclosure Agreements (NDA) and novelty destroying disclosures?. S.L. Rev. 2015, 73 (Win).

Designer drugs in sport: Testing, standards and disclosure. S.L. Rev. 2015, 74 (Spr).

Intellectual property within the military technology and surveillance arenas. S.L. Rev. 2015, 75 (Sum).


Dealing with patent trolls: Patent watching and fee shifting. S.L. Rev. 2014, 72 (Sum).

Enabling corporations to directly enforce trade agreements: Investor-State settlements in intellectual property disputes. Citation: S.L. Rev. 2014, 71 (Spr).


Intellectual Property and Privacy: Linking ownership and data protection principles to enable personal data be controlled. Citation: S.L. Rev. 2013, 68 (Sum) with Chris Taylor.

The digital expansion of shills within politics: Branding, sockpuppets and the internet. Citation: S.L. Rev. 2013, 68 (Sum).

Anti-diarrhoeals, Guantanamo detainees and Rugby ticket touts: The widening scope of Norwich Pharmacal orders. Citation: S.L. Rev. 2013, 67 (Spr) with Chris Taylor.


A practical application of intellectual property: A question about stents: Citation: S.L. Rev. 2012, 66 (Win)

Case study: Decision making in Stent Co: Citation: S.L. Rev. 2012, 65 (Aut)

ACTA, SOPA and PIPA: Opacity, secret negotiations, closed door talks and no public discussion. Citation: S.L. Rev. 2012, 64 (Spr)


Developed and developing intellectual property regimes: Utilising intellectual property in the pursuit of growth. Citation: S.L. Rev. 2011, 64 (Win) with Nadia Shehzad

Internet data mining and Pinkerton detectives in patent infringement discovery: In-house, outsourced, crowd sourced? Citation: S.L. Rev. 2011, 63 (Aut) with Anna Farmery.

The role of mediation within university protocols concerning student complaints and appeals. The International Journal of Higher Education and Educational Planning, Volume 5, Issue 3 (2011).

What’s in a name: Protected Designations of Origin, Greek Feta Cheese and Yorkshire Forced Rhubarb. Citation: S.L. Rev. 2011, 62 (Spr).


Patenting graphine, buckyballs and nanotubes: Obviousness at the nanotech frontier. Citation: S.L. Rev. 2010, 61 (Spr).

Does patent law provide a balanced system for promoting innovation? Citation: S.L. Rev. 2010, 60 (Aut).

The Eco-Patent Commons and Environmental Technology Transfer: Implications for Efforts to Tackle Climate Change, Carbon and Climate Law Review, Issue 1, 2010 with William Onzivu

Gowers, Lammy, Levine and Boldrin: Will the Digital Britain Reports Develop a Copyright Agenda for the 21st Century? Citation: S.L. Rev. 2010, 59 (Spr).

Content creation and delivery devices: Thoughts concerning mobile learning and teaching practices. Book chapter in “Mobile Learning: Pilot Projects and Initiatives” edited by Guy Retta, published in 2010.


Open Source Software: Can innovation thrive without traditional intellectual property? Citation: S.L. Rev. 2009, 58 (Aut)

Analysing the parameters of the duty of reasonable adjustment to facilitate access to e-learning resources, Multicultural Education & Technology Journal (2009), Volume 3 Issue 3-4.

What sort of property is copyright? Citation: S.L. Rev. 2009, 57 (Sum) with Robin Lister

Patents: Leveraging Value from Uncertainty. Citation: S.L. Rev. 2009, 56 (Spr) with Robin Lister

Gringras: T he Laws of the Internet (Third edition) International Journal of Law and Management 2009, Volume: 51, Issue: 2


The eco patent commons: open source patents in environmental management. Citation: S.L. Rev. 2008, 55 (Aut) with William Onzivu.

Chromophores and proteomes: Astron Clinica (2008) delivers judgment on computer program claims within UK patents. Citation: S.L. Rev. 2008, 54 (Sum)

Cache me if you can: copyright infringement discovery procedures verses the anonymity of the Dark nets, Citation: S.L. Rev. 2008, 53 (Spr)

Sharia law and the Qur'an: providing Islamic jurisprudential modules. Citation: Education, Business and Society: Contemporary Middle Eastern Issues. 2008, Vol 1, Issue 2.

Selected publications 2002-2007

Economic hounds at the gates of the ivory towers: Madey v Duke, Journal of Industry and Higher Education, Volume 18, Number 3, 2004.

Copyright infringement and potential technological prevention measures in UK universities, Education and the Law Volume 16, Issue 4 December 2004, pages 217 – 248.

Government policy and university technology transfer practices in the UK, International Journal of Technology Transfer and Commercialisation 2005, Volume 4, number 2, pp. 500 - 517.

Electronic submission in a modern university: An empirical study, International Journal of Law Teaching, 2004, Volume 2.

Turnitin and the perils of entering the evil house of cheat at, International Journal of Law Teaching, 2003, Volume 2.

A clone called KaZaA and 2.3 billion dollars of eBook trade, Mountbatten Journal of Legal Studies, 2002, Volume 6, issue 1.

Cottrell in 1912: Laying the foundations of University Technology Transfer, Ind. Eng. Chem Research Journal, 2004, Volume 43, number 4.

Exploiting alternative revenue streams: A primer on the potential legal and brand implications for UK universities, International Journal of Educational Management, Volume 19, number 1, with James Marson.

KaZaA, confidence and copyright: Why legal eTextbooks will not be Napsterised. Citation: S.L. Rev 2004, 41.

Universities, free riding and the research exemption, Citation: S.L. Rev 2004, 42.

Cabbage Patch and Garbage Pail: A primer concerning fair dealing and parodic use in UK and US copyright. Citation: S.L. Rev. 2004, 43.

9 till 5 or 24/7: Who owns intellectual property in the public and private sectors? Citation: S.L. Rev. 2004, 44.

Provider or end user? How the choice of litigant may impact on file sharing in the recording industry. S.L. Rev. 2004, 45.

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