University Regulations: Regulation 28
UNIVERSITY OF BRADFORD
STUDENT DISCIPLINARY REGULATION AND PROCEDURE
1. Scope of Procedures
1.1 The Student Disciplinary Regulation and Procedure applies to registered students of the University at all times whether the alleged misconduct takes place on or off University premises. This covers not only misconduct off campus whilst engaged in formal University activities such as placements, field trips or sports tours, but misconduct in any other locations or settings which brings the University’s reputation into disrepute. Misconduct within the University of Bradford Students’ Union will normally be dealt with through the Union’s own procedures. Exceptionally, and after liaison with the Chief Executive of the Union, such misconduct may be subsequently referred to the University Secretary be dealt with through this Regulation and Procedure.
1.2 Students studying for University awards at partner institutions fall under the remit of their partner or host institution’s disciplinary procedures unless otherwise agreed. Should a student from a partner institution be accused of misconduct whilst studying on the University of Bradford campus the misconduct will be considered under this Regulation and Procedure.
1.3 At Enrolment, all students enter into a contract with the University and to formally accept the Ordinances, Regulations, Codes and Procedures of the University, which includes the Student Disciplinary Regulation and Procedure.
1.4 In the interests of fairness, no single incident of misconduct for any individual student shall be considered concurrently under more than one set of University Rules or Regulations. Clause 4.8 below permits consideration of misconduct to be transferred to the Fitness to Practise Regulations where appropriate.
2. Definition of Misconduct
2.1 The following list is indicative (but not exhaustive) of the type of offences which would constitute misconduct:
i) conduct which disrupts the academic, administrative, sporting, social or other activities of the University;
ii) conduct which obstructs any student, member of staff or visitor to the University from going about their legitimate business in the University;
iii) failure to disclose personal details to a member of staff of the University or persons acting as agents for the University, in circumstances in which it is reasonable to require such information to be given;
iv) violent, indecent, disorderly, threatening, aggressive, intimidating, defamatory, derogatory or otherwise offensive behaviour or language, however expressed (including via social media), towards any student, member of staff or authorised visitor to the University;
v) sexual, racial or any other form of harassment;
vi) sexual misconduct;
vii) offences against the Code of Practice on Freedom of Speech;
viii) serious breaches of University Ordinances or Regulations relating to the use of University facilities, including, for example, computing, library and accommodation facilities;
ix) damage to, or defacement of, University property or the property of other students or staff, caused intentionally or recklessly;
x) theft, misappropriation or unauthorised removal of any property owned or leased by the University or property belonging to a student, member of staff, authorised visitor to the University or any other individual during the period of the student’s registration; this includes copyright and intellectual property;
xi) action likely to cause injury or impair safety on University premises, including misuse of safety equipment and infringement of safety requirements;
xii) behaviour that uses or attempts to use fraud, deceit or dishonesty in relation to the University or its staff or in connection with holding any office in the University or in relation to being a student of the University; this includes falsification or misuse of University records including certificates or academic awards and false pretences in connection with academic attainments or financial awards;
xiii) behaviour that jeopardises or damages the good order or the reputation of the University;
xiv) failure to comply with a penalty previously imposed under these procedures or failure to comply with any reasonable instruction relating to discipline issues;
xv) interfering with or intimidating witnesses in disciplinary proceedings and/or breaching the confidentiality of the disciplinary process;
xvi) making frivolous, vexatious and/or malicious allegations or complaints;
xvii) offering or giving money, gifts or any other advantage to any employee of the University with the intention of inducing that employee to perform his/her job improperly or of rewarding that employee for performing his/her job improperly.
3. Authority for Disciplinary Action
3.1 Under the University Statutes, the Vice-Chancellor has responsibility for the good order of the University and may suspend or exclude any student from the University subject to the student’s right of appeal. The Vice-Chancellor may delegate the responsibility for implementation of disciplinary procedures to other staff in the University (except for exclusion or the authority for temporary suspension pending investigation which may be delegated as set out in 6.1 and 6.2 below).
3.2 All members of staff of the University including any person acting as an agent of the University are empowered to take such action as may be necessary to prevent or bring to an end any contravention of this procedure. The incident will be reported at the earliest opportunity, directly to the relevant Dean or Director. All incidents will be reported in order to ensure that a transparent, consistent and equitable process.
4. General Principles
4.1 As members of the University community, all students are expected to conduct themselves with due regard for its good name and reputation and in accordance with the following agreed University values:
• Encouraging participation and openness;
• Encouraging creativity and innovation;
• Supporting academic freedom and respecting the right of expression of diverse points of view;
• Providing equal opportunities for all staff and students to achieve their full potential;
• Applying the best ethical standards in everything we do;
4.2 Students are required to comply with current University Ordinances, Regulations, Policies, Procedures and Codes of Practice at all times including those related to University Accommodation. Matters relating to Academic Misconduct will be dealt with under the relevant regulations.
4.3 The Student Disciplinary Regulation and Procedure are intended to provide a clearly formulated and impartial process for dealing with allegations relating to student misconduct within a reasonable timescale in accordance with the rules of natural justice.
4.4 All conclusions at any level of investigation will find an allegation of misconduct proven if it is considered that the evidence presented identifies, on the balance of probabilities, that the student is culpable for the misconduct.
4.5 If two or more students are thought to be involved in the same incident of alleged misconduct, the decision may be taken to hear their cases together.
4.6 In cases where the student’s conduct causes serious concerns about their welfare, the Health, Wellbeing and Fitness to Study Policy may be used as an alternative to Student Disciplinary Regulation and Procedure.
4.7 A student may not usually be granted an award, obtain certification of an award or attend a graduation ceremony whilst a case of alleged misconduct is still in the process of being dealt with under these procedures. Any requests for this principle to be waived shall be put to the University Secretary for approval.
4.8 Any incidents of alleged misconduct which may have a bearing on a student’s Fitness to Practise or which raise questions about their suitability to be placed on a professional register after qualification may be considered under the Fitness to Practise Regulations. The decision to hear a case under the Fitness to Practise Regulations can be made at any stage of the Procedure by the person presiding over the relevant stage of the Procedure. Exceptionally, a case may be referred to the Fitness to Practise Regulations at the conclusion of the Student Disciplinary Procedure.
4.9 It is implicit in this procedure that if a minor incidence of student misconduct occurs this will initially be discussed informally with the student in order to effect immediate constructive remedial action prior to the instigation of any formal disciplinary procedure.
4.10 No person who has had any previous involvement with any proceeding stage of the case shall be involved in any capacity at a later stage.
5. Misconduct that is also a criminal offence
5.1 In cases where the alleged misconduct would also constitute an offence under criminal law, the action taken by the University will depend upon the nature of the alleged misconduct.
5.2 In situations where the potential criminal offence has been committed against the University (e.g. theft of University property), the University shall have the discretion to refer the matter to the police. This decision will be taken by the University Secretary following an evaluation of the facts of the case.
5.3 In situations where the potential criminal offence has been committed against someone other than the University, the University shall normally allow that person to decide whether or not to report the matter to the police; where the individual is a member of the University community (e.g. staff or student) and they wish to make a report to the police, the University will offer support to do this.
5.4 Normally, where an individual indicates that they do not wish to report a matter to the police, the University will comply with that decision. However, exceptionally, the University may decide to report an alleged offence to the police contrary to the wishes of the individual affected. This decision will be made by the University Secretary and will only be made in cases where the disclosure is necessary to protect the reporting person (or others) from harm or to prevent a further offence from taking place. In making this decision, the University will take into account any potential harm that the unauthorised disclosure may cause to the individual and any such decision should be explained to the individual concerned so that they understand what is happening and are prepared if and when the police make contact.
5.5 In cases where;
i) a member of the University community decides not to report the matter to the police;
ii) the police decide not to investigate;
iii) the CPS decided not to prosecute;
the offence may be dealt with under the Disciplinary Procedure (in the case of 5.5 i) above, the individual concerned may decide that they wish the matter to be dealt with in this way rather than reported to the police, notwithstanding the University’s exceptional authority to refer the matter to the police anyway, as outlined in 5.4 above). In such cases, the University will deal with the alleged offence as misconduct and not as criminal offences and, will be based on the balance of probabilities.
5.6 In the case of all matters reported to the police, no action (other than suspension as outlined in section 6 below) shall be taken until a decision on whether or not to investigate and/or prosecute has been taken.
5.7 The University may rely upon any finding of guilt or liability made against a student in any criminal and/or civil proceedings for the purpose of taking action against the student for misconduct under the procedure but only if and to the extent that the finding relates to that misconduct.
5.8 Where a student has been sentenced by a criminal court in respect of misconduct, the sentence imposed shall be taken into consideration when determining any sanction for that misconduct under the procedure.
6 Suspension pending investigation
6.1 In cases of great urgency, particularly where the safety of others is perceived to be at risk, the Vice-Chancellor is empowered to suspend a student with immediate effect (this includes suspension from any placement or related activities). A record of the reasons for the decision shall be kept. In the absence of the Vice-Chancellor, the Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Operations) or the Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) is empowered to authorise suspension.
6.2 A student against whom a criminal charge is pending or who is the subject of a police investigation may be suspended by the Vice-Chancellor (or in the absence of the Vice-Chancellor, the Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Operations) or Deputy Vice-Chancellor(Academic)) pending the conclusions of the police investigation and /or any criminal proceedings. The University recognises that although suspension in such circumstances is designed to be a neutral act, it can have serious consequences and may cause disruption to a student’s study. Such a step will therefore only be taken where the risk level is deemed to be high and/or where advice has been received by the police on the matter.
6.3 A suspended student may be wholly or partly prohibited from entering University premises and from participating in University activities. Suspension may be subject to conditions and qualification, such as permission to take an examination. Conditions imposed on a student may include a prohibition on contact with either the individual who has reported the alleged behaviour and/or witnesses to the alleged event(s) in question.
6.4 Suspension pending investigation is a precautionary neutral act in the context of the eventual determination of whether an allegation is subsequently found to be proven or not proven. Its purpose may be, for example;
• To ensure that any alleged victims of acts or potential witnesses or other evidence are not subject to interference;
• To avoid any repetition of the circumstances which led to an allegation;
• To ensure the safety and wellbeing of the University community;
• To prevent any potential disadvantage to the suspended student (e.g. where presence on campus may be prohibited because of bail conditions).
6.5 The suspended student is entitled to make a written representation to the Vice-Chancellor against suspension within five working days of notification and the Vice-Chancellor shall issue a response to any such representation within five working days;
6.6 The Vice-Chancellor shall re-assess the suspension at least every four weeks;
6.7 In the absence of the Vice-Chancellor, the Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Operations) and the Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) is empowered to respond to representations from suspended students and/or reassess suspension.
7 Initiation of Procedure
7.1 The Procedure shall be initiated when an allegation of misconduct is brought against a student. The allegation shall be brought to the attention of the relevant Head of School/Division or Head of Service, who shall normally hold a preliminary interview with the student before deciding whether any further action shall be taken. The Head of School /Division or Head of Service may dismiss the allegations immediately if they believe that there is no case for the student to answer.
7.2 If the Head of School/Division or Head of Service determines that there is a case to answer, they will determine how the matter is dealt with. Any misconduct as defined in this Regulation will be considered under one of the following three levels of disciplinary action in the first instance. The Legal and Governance Office (“the Office”) will provide advice on the appropriate level of the Procedure to be used, taking into account the Student Code of Conduct;
i) In the event of minor infringements, the University will seek to resolve the matter informally under Stage 1 of the Procedure (see section 8 below). This stage is operated by the relevant Head of School/Division or Head of Service;
ii) If the matter cannot be resolved informally, the Dean of Faculty or Director will oversee a formal investigation under Stage 2 of the Procedure (see section 9 below). An outcome of the Stage 2 Procedure may be a referral to the Stage 3 Procedure;
iii) Where the Dean or Director determines that matters are sufficiently serious, the matter may be referred to the Stage 3 Procedure (see section 11 below). Where a student has had a penalty imposed following activation of the Stage 2 procedure for a previous matter during his or her time as a student of the University, any repeat disciplinary offences shall be referred to the Stage 3 Procedure by the Office.
7.3 Appropriate records for matters dealt with under any stage shall be kept by the Office.
7.4 Heads of School/Division and Heads of Service and Deans of Faculty or Directors may consult the Office to seek advice about the categorisation and definition of misconduct (i.e. minor or more serious).
8 Stage 1 of the Procedure
8.1 In cases where the misconduct is determined to be of a minor nature, the Head of School/Division or Head of Service shall interview the student and if, on the balance of probabilities, they consider that the misconduct is proven, the student will be issued with a warning. This warning shall remain on the student’s file for a period determined by the Head of School/Division or Head of Service, and shall be removed at the conclusion of that period provided that there are no further instances of misconduct. If the student is found guilty of misconduct on a subsequent occasion, a previous warning (or any previous sanction) can be taken into account when deciding on the level of sanction on that subsequent occasion.
8.2 Where a Head of Service issues a warning to a student, the matter will also be reported to the relevant School/Division. The Head of School/Division or Head of Service who is dealing with the matter shall submit a report to the Office, where a copy will be held for record keeping and audit purposes.
8.3 If a student is not satisfied with the outcome of the Stage 1 procedure, they may submit an appeal in accordance with the process set out in section 10 below.
9 Stage 2 of the Procedure
9.1 In the case of a more serious breach, or of reoffending after a previous warning, the matter will be reported to the Dean or Director who will:
i) Commission an investigation into the allegation and appoint an investigator:
ii) Inform the student of the nature of the alleged misconduct and, having given reasonable notice (normally at least 5 but no more than 15 working days), permit the student an opportunity to be interviewed by the investigator. A student attending such an interview may be accompanied by a friend or representative (normally from the University of Bradford Students’ Union) who may speak on the student’s behalf; the friend or representative may not be a practising solicitor or barrister;
iii) Determine, in light of the evidence gathered during the investigation and on the balance of probabilities, whether a breach of the Procedure and relevant Ordinance has been committed.
9.2 Upon receipt of the investigation report and having given matters due consideration, the Dean or Director may take one or more of the following courses of action:
i) Dismiss the case;
ii) Issue a written reprimand or warning to the student to be lodged on the file and removed either at the conclusion of the student’s studies or for such period as determined by the Dean or Director; the letter shall advise the student that any proven future misconduct will be dealt with more severely;
iii) Require the student to compensate for or make good any damage to University property; cases where the compensation payable would exceed £500 shall be referred to Stage 3 of the Procedure;
iv) Require the student to make appropriate recompense or apology for any offence or harm caused, or any damage done, to members of the University or outside community; cases where the monetary value of such recompense would exceed £500 shall be referred to Stage 3 of the Procedure;
v) Impose a fine of up to £500 payable to the University (to be used to supplement existing sources of funding to alleviate student hardship);
vi) Require the student to perform unpaid service to the University community up to a maximum of 40 hours;
vii) Refer the matter to a Stage 3 Disciplinary Panel;
9.3 At the conclusion of the disciplinary investigation under the Stage 2 procedure, the student will be sent, normally within 10 working days, a notice in writing setting out, a summary of the facts of the case, the outcomes of the investigation, the reasons for that outcome and details of any sanction imposed. The notice will include a statement on the procedure for an appeal against the decision, as set out in Section 10 below. A copy of the notice will be sent to the Office for record keeping and audit purposes. In the event that it is not possible for the student to be sent the outcome within 10 working days, they will be regularly updated, and the outcome sent as soon as possible after the expiry of the 10 working day deadline.
9.4 Where a Dean or Director determines that the case is sufficiently serious that a potential outcome is permanent exclusion from the University, the case should be referred to the Office to enable a Stage 3 Disciplinary Panel to be convened.
9.4 If a student is not satisfied with the outcome of the Stage 2 procedure, they may submit an appeal in accordance with the process set out in section 10 below.
10 Appeals against Stage 1 and Stage 2 disciplinary outcomes
10.1 Any appeal against a decision or penalty imposed by either a Head of School/Division or Head of Service under Stage 1 or a Dean or Director under Stage 2 of the Procedure should be submitted to the Office within 10 working days of any decision or penalty being notified to the student concerned.
10.2 A student may submit an appeal on one or more of the following grounds:
a) Procedural irregularity or other administrative failure or error in the operation of the Procedure at Stage 1 or Stage 2 and which has materially disadvantaged the student;
b) New evidence of extenuating circumstances which, for good reason, was not available at either Stage 1 or Stage 2; the appeal shall specify the reasons why such evidence was not disclosed at earlier stages of the Procedure;
c) That there is evidence to show that the decision at either Stage 1 or Stage 2 is manifestly unreasonable. In this context, unreasonable shall be taken to mean perverse, i.e. that the outcome was not a possible conclusion which a similar hearing or process of consideration might have reached.
10.3 Appeals shall be submitted to the Deputy Secretary (Stage 1) or the University Secretary (Stage 2) in the first instance; the University Secretary or Deputy Secretary will determine whether the criteria for appeal have been met. Students may be asked to submit further information or evidence to substantiate their appeal and failure to provide such information or evidence may result in rejection of the appeal by the University Secretary or Deputy Secretary; any such decision shall be final and represent a completion of procedures;
10.4 Where a valid appeal has been submitted, the Deputy Secretary will ask the Head of School/Division or Head of Service (Stage 1) or the University Secretary will ask the Dean or Director (Stage 2) to provide a written response to the appeal submission. Once received the response will be submitted with the student’s appeal either to;
i) in the case of Stage 1 appeals, a senior member of staff appointed from a pool of staff nominated for this purpose by the Deans and Directors, who will either reject or uphold the appeal;
ii) in the case of Stage 2 appeals, a member of the Executive Board, who will either reject or uphold the appeal.
10.5 As part of the process of consideration of the appeal at either Stage 1 or Stage 2, the appointed individual may interview either the student or the Head of School/Division or Head of Service (Stage 1) or Dean/Director (Stage 2).
10.6 The decision of the appointed individual at Stage 1 and 2 as set out above is final and a decision letter (Completion of Procedures letter) will be issued.
10.7 Following completion of the University’s procedure, a student may make a complaint to the Office of the Independent Adjudicator (OIA) - see section 14 below.
11 Stage 3 Disciplinary Procedure
11.1 In a case where the Dean or Director has decided to proceed to Stage 3 of the Procedure, the matter will be referred to the Office who will convene a Stage 3 Disciplinary Panel and shall normally aim to hear the case within 30 working days of notification.
11.2 In the event of a decision to proceed to Stage 3 of the Procedure, and notwithstanding the invitation to the student and Dean/Director to submit a statement and supporting evidence as set out in 11.4 ii) below, the Office will collect evidence, call for documents, identify and summon witnesses and conduct such other enquiries as it sees fit. The Office will also provide the student with a letter setting out the allegations and a copy of the relevant Ordinance, including this procedure for a Stage 3 hearing.
11.3 The Panel will consist of three members, a member of the Executive Board who will act as Chair, and two other senior members of staff. The University Secretary or nominee will also be in attendance as an advisor to the Panel.
11.4 The procedure for a Stage 3 disciplinary hearing shall normally be as follows: any request from any party for variation of the procedure shall be referred to the University Secretary for consideration:
i) The student and Dean/Director shall be given at least 15 working days’ notice of the Panel hearing; the notification shall advise the student of their right to be accompanied at the hearing by a friend or representative and of the advice and support available from the Students’ Union. A student who intends to be accompanied by a friend or representative shall inform the Office of the name of the person accompanying them before the meeting. The accompanying person may not be a practicing solicitor or barrister. If either the student or Dean/Director wishes to invite witnesses to the hearing, the Office shall be informed before the meeting;
ii) The student and Dean/Director shall be invited to submit a written statement and any supporting evidence to the Panel. These papers together with any additional information shall be circulated to the Panel, the student and Dean/Director no later than 5 working days before the hearing;
iii) The Dean or Director shall put the case in the presence of the student and friend/representative and may call witnesses;
iv) The student shall have the opportunity to ask questions of the Dean/Director and any witnesses called, on the evidence heard at the meeting;
v) The Panel may ask questions of the Dean/Director and any witnesses. The witnesses will then withdraw;
vi) The student or their friend/representative shall put their case in the presence of the Dean/Director and may call witnesses;
vii) The Dean/Director shall have the opportunity to ask questions of the student and their friend/representative and any witnesses called, on the evidence heard at the meeting;
viii) The Panel may ask questions of the student and their friend or representative and any witnesses. The witnesses shall then withdraw;
ix) The Dean/Director and the student and their friend/representative shall have the opportunity to sum up their respective cases if they so wish; if both parties choose to sum up, the student’s statement shall be heard last;
x) The Dean/Director and the student and their friend/representative shall withdraw;
xi) The Panel, advised by the University Secretary, or their nominee, will deliberate in private in order to reach a decision on the case.
11.5 Witnesses shall normally be required to attend the hearing to give evidence in person. If it is impracticable for the witness to attend in person, the witness may give evidence through a remote video link. The Panel may also accept a witness statement in evidence; however, a written statement may carry less weight than oral evidence as the Panel will not have the opportunity to question the evidence presented.
11.6 The Panel may impose time limits on oral addresses and presentations to the hearing.
11.7 The Panel shall rely only on evidence presented orally at the hearing (including via remote video link) or in written format beforehand.
11.8 The Panel may adjourn proceedings for a period not normally exceeding 20 working days, and defer its findings or decision accordingly.
11.9 The Panel’s decision will be communicated to the student (and copied to the Dean/Director) in writing by post and by email to the current term time addresses held on the student record system within 5 working days of the decision being reached. The communication will detail the reasons for the decision and any sanction applied in accordance with section 12 below. The student shall be informed of their right to appeal against the decision as set out in section 13 below.
11.10 The University Secretary or their nominee will keep a note of the meeting, the decision of the Panel and any sanction imposed.
12 Decision of the Panel at Stage 3
12.1 Following consideration of the case, the Panel’s decision shall be one or more of the following courses of action:
i) Dismiss the case;
ii) Issue a written reprimand and warning to be lodged on the file and removed either at the conclusion of the students’ studies or for such period as determined by the Panel ; the letter shall advise the student that any proven future misconduct will be dealt with more severely;
iii) Impose a fine, the amount to be determined by the Panel (noting that at Stage 3 the Panel shall have discretion to impose a fine of more than £500 - funds to be used to supplement existing sources of funding to alleviate student hardship);
iv) Require the student to pay for, or otherwise make good, any damage caused, or other costs incurred by the University or outside community as a direct consequence of the misconduct (noting that at Stage 3 the Panel shall be able to specify a sum greater that £500);
v) Require the student to perform unpaid service to the University community (noting that at Stage 3 the Panel shall have the discretion to stipulate service of more than 40 hours);
vi) Recommend to the Vice-Chancellor permanent expulsion (i.e. permanent removal) from the University; the recommendation shall also cover the matter of any intermediate terminating qualification potentially due to the student;
vii) Impose such other sanctions as may be considered appropriate by the Disciplinary Panel.
12.2 Details of the offence and penalties imposed shall be entered on the student’s record. If a case is dismissed, there shall be no entry on the student’s record.
13 Appeals against Stage 3 disciplinary outcomes
13.1 A student may appeal against a decision or penalty imposed by the Panel (in the case of 13.1 vi) above, following ratification by the Vice-Chancellor) under the Stage 3 procedure. Any such appeal must be submitted to the Office within 10 working days of the notification of the decision to the student.
13.2 A student may submit an appeal on the following grounds:
a) Procedural irregularity or other administrative error or failure which has materially disadvantaged the student;
b) Where there is new evidence of extenuating circumstances which, for good reason, was not available at the time the Panel made its decision; the appeal shall specify the reasons why such evidence was not disclosed at earlier stages of the Procedure;
c) Where there is evidence to show that the outcome reached by the Panel is manifestly unreasonable. In this context, unreasonable shall be taken to mean perverse, i.e. that the outcome reached by the Panel was not a possible conclusion that a similar hearing or process of consideration might have reached.
13.3 Appeals will be submitted to the University Secretary. The University Secretary will determine whether the criteria for appeal have been met. Students may be asked to submit further information or evidence to substantiate their appeal and failure to provide such information or evidence may result in rejection of the appeal by the University Secretary and this decision shall be final and represent a completion of procedures. In cases where the University Secretary has been previously engaged either in considering whether there were grounds for appeal at an earlier stage or in advising the Stage 3 Panel, such determination shall be carried out by the Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Operations).
13.4 Where a valid appeal has been submitted, a lay member of Council nominated by Council will review the Appeal. The Office will submit notice of the student’s appeal and a summary of the case and all other relevant documentation to the independent member.
13.5 After considering all documentation, the lay member shall decide whether to reject or uphold the appeal. As part of the process of consideration of the appeal at Stage 3, the lay member may interview either the student, the Chair of the Stage 3 Panel or the Vice-Chancellor if the penalty imposed was subject to ratification by him/her. The decision of the lay member is final and after the conclusion of their determination, a Completion of Procedures letter shall be issued.
14 Office of the Independent Adjudicator
14.1 Following the issuing of a Completion of Procedures letter by the University, a student may refer the outcome of the case to the Office of the Independent Adjudicator (OIA) for independent review. Further details about the OIA can be obtained from the Office or from the OIA website www.oiahe.org.uk or by contacting the OIA at the following address.
The Office of the independent Adjudicator for Higher Education
38-50 Kings Road
Telephone 0118 959 9813