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Dr John Buckley

Dr John Buckley


I am currently a Reader in Movement Biomechanics at the University of Bradford. I am a member of the Division of Medical Engineering in the School of Engineering, in which I teach modules in biomechanics and rehabilitation engineering. I currently lead the Biomechanics Research Team in undertaking multi/inter- disciplinary research in the areas of clinical biomechanics and human movement. I am also a registered Clinical Scientist (Health Professions Council, UK). I am a member of the International Society of Biomechanics, and the International Society for Posture and Gait Research. I am also a Fellow of The Higher Education Academy.

My research interests are in developing and using models of the human body to determine the biomechanical adaptations and/or compensatory mechanisms used for locomotion by individuals with musculo-skeletal abnormalities, problems or dysfunction, and/or by those with sensory impairment. It is evidenced based research, giving an understanding of the control and biomechanics of adaptive locomotion, i.e. locomotion that is modulated according to the environment the individual walks through. For example, recent work has determined how correctable visual impairment impacts balance and locomotion in older adults (Health Foundation Fellowship); if features to enhance sensorimotor control are necessary in order to gain full advantage of improved lower-limb prosthetic design (EPSRC, EP/H010491/1); whether manipulating the appearance of steps and stairs will make them safer for older people to negotiate (NIHR, PHR 10/3009/06); and whether there is a link between visual processing abilities performed by the brain and sporting performance (BBSRC, BB/J018872/1). In conducting such research, I have established collaborative links with other labs in the UK (including the Research Institutes for Human Movement Science at John Moores and Manchester Metropolitan Universities) and worldwide (Waterloo University, Canada; University of North Carolina at Greensboro, USA), and with the regional rehabilitations centres at Manchester and Sheffield. I also have a long standing industrial collaboration with Chas A Blatchford and Sons Ltd (specialist manufactures of artificial limbs).


Current, and significant recent, funded projects

- Chas A Blatchford & Sons Ltd (2013-16, £49.2k) Methodologies and Analyses Approaches for the Study of Lower-limb Amputee Gait.
- Essilor International (2013-14, £70k) The influence of bifocals and PALs on gait and falls. Co-PI David Elliott (UoB).
- BBSRC (BB/J018872/1, 2013-16, £462k) Linking Athletic Ability to Visual Ability (High performance sport as a model for the acquisition, retention and retraining of an individual’s skill base). PI, Brendan Barrett (UoB), other CIs, Simon Bennett (Liverpool John Moores), Julie Harris (St Andrew’s).
- NIHR Public Health Research Programme (PHR 10/3009/06, 2012-14, £195.2k) Manipulating the appearance of steps and stairs to make them safer for older people to negotiate. PI, David Elliott (UoB), other CIs, Andy Scally and David Whittaker (UoB).
- EPSRC First Grant (EP/H010491/1, 2010-12, £125k). Recent developments in lower-limb prosthetic design: To take full advantage of improved mechanical function are features to enhance sensorimotor control necessary?


Member of the Scientific Content Committee for the 2014 and 2015 ISPGR World Congress; in Vancouver, Canada; Seville, Spain respectively.


Struchkov V. Biomechanics of ramp walking in lower-limb amputees: impact of microprocessor controlled hydraulic ankle. (writing-up) PhD University of Bradford (principal supervisor).

Abdulhasan Z. Biomechanics of ambulation and gait termination on sloped surfaces in unilateral trans-femoral amputees; effects of micro-processor controlled knee. (2nd year) PhD University of Bradford (principal supervisor).


Recent Publications
Buckley JG and Struchkov V. Biomechanics of ramp descent in unilateral trans-tibial amputees: comparison of microprocessor controlled foot with conventional mechanisms. Clin Biomech. 32: 164-70.

Foster RJ, Buckley JG, Whitaker DJ, and Elliott DB. The addition of stripes (a version of the 'horizontal-vertical illusion') increases foot clearance when crossing low-height obstacles. EPub Ergonomics.

Evangelopoulou E, Twiste M, and Buckley JG. (2016) Restricting ankle motion via orthotic bracing reduces toe clearance when walking over obstacles. Gait & Posture, 43: 251-6.

Elliott DB, Hotchkiss J, Scally A, Foster RJ and Buckley JG. (2016) Intermediate addition multifocals provide safe stair ambulation with adequate short-term reading. Ophthal Physiol Opt, 36(1): 60-68

Buckley JG, Pacey I, Panesar GK, and Barrett BT. (2015) Prehension in Unilateral Amblyopia: Closing the Non-Dominant eye is no less Detrimental than in visual normals. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci,56(12): 7568-80.

Elliott DB, Foster RJ, Whitaker DJ, Scally A, and Buckley JG. (2015) Analysis of lower limb movement to determine the effect of manipulating the appearance of stairs to improve safety: a linked series of laboratory-based, repeated measures studies. Public Health Research, 3(8); NIHR Journals Library ISSN 2050-4381.

Foster RJ, Whitaker DJ, Scally AJ, Buckley JG, and Elliott DB. (2015) What you see is what you step: The horizontal-vertical illusion increases toe clearance in older adults during stair ascent. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci; 56: 2950-2957.

De Asha AR, and Buckley JG. (2015) The effects of laterality on obstacle crossing performance in unilateral trans-tibial amputees. Clin Biomech; 30: 343-346.

De Asha AR and Buckley JG. (2015) The effects of walking speed on minimum toe clearance and on the temporal relationship between mini mum clearance and peak swing-foot velocity in unilateral trans-tibial amputees. Prosth Orthot Int; 39(2): 120-125.

Foster RJ, Hotchkiss J, Buckley JG, and Elliott DB. (2014) Safety on stairs: influence of a tread edge highlighter and its position. Exp Gerontol; 55: 152-58.

De Asha AR, Munjal R, Kulkarni J, and Buckley JG. (2014) Impact on the biomechanics of overground gait of using an Echelon hydraulic ankle-foot device in unilateral trans-tibial and trans-femoral amputees. Clin Biomech; 29: 728-34.

Johnson L, De Asha AR, Munjal R, Kulkarni J, and Buckley JG. (2014) Toe clearance in unilateral transtibial amputee gait: effects of passive hydraulic ankle. J Rehabil Res Devel; 51(3): 429-438.

Foster RJ, De Asha AR, Reeves ND, Maganaris C, and Buckley JG. (2014) Stair-specific algorithms for identification of touch-down and foot-off when descending or ascending a non-instrumented staircase. Gait Posture; 39: 816-821.

De Asha AR, Munjal R, Kulkarni J, and Buckley JG. (2013) Walking speed related joint kinetic alterations in trans-tibial amputees: impact of hydraulic ankle damping. J Neuroeng Rehabil; 10(1):107.

Buckley JG, De Asha AR, Johnson L, and Beggs C. (2013) Understanding adaptive gait in lower-limb amputees: insights from multivariate analyses. J Neuroeng Rehabil; 10(1):98.

Johnson L, Supuk E, Buckley JG, and Elliott DB. (2013) Effects of induced astigmatism on foot placement strategies when stepping onto a raised surface. PLoS ONE 8(5):e63351.

De Asha AR, Johnson L, Munjal R, Kulkarni J, and Buckley JG. (2013) Attenuation of centre-of-pressure trajectory fluctuations under the prosthetic foot when using an articulating hydraulic ankle attachment compared to fixed attachment. Clin Biomech; 28: 213-24.

Buckley JG, Cooper G, Maganaris CN, and Reeves ND. (2013) Is stair descent in the elderly associated with periods of high centre of mass downward accelerations? Exp Gerontol; 48: 283-289.

Timmis M, and Buckley JG. (2012) Obstacle crossing during locomotion: Visual exproprioceptive information is used in an online mode to update foot placement before the obstacle but not swing trajectory over
it. EPub ahead of print, Gait & Posture.

Chapman G, Scally A, and Buckley JG. (2012) Importance of binocular vision in foot placement accuracy when stepping onto a floor-based target during gait initiation. Exp Brain Res; 216(1): 71-80.

Buckley JG, Timmis M, Scally AJ, and Elliott DB. (2011) When is visual information used to control locomotion involving stepping down to a new level. PLoS ONE 6(4): e19079. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0019079

Timmis MA, Johnson L, Elliott DB, and Buckley JG. (2010) Use of single-vision distance spectacles improves landing control during step descent in well-adapted multifocal lens-wearers. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci Aug; 51(8): 3903-3908.

Buckley JG, Panesar GK, MacLellan MJ, Pacey I, and Barrett BT. (2010) Changes to control of adaptive gait in individuals with long-standing reduced stereoacuity. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 51(5): 2487-2495.

Buckley JG, Juniper MP, Cavagna GA, Zelik KE, Adamczyk PG, Morin JB (2010) Comments [Invited] on 'Point: Counterpoint: Artificial limbs do / do not make artificially fast running speeds possible'. J Appl Physiol; 108(4), 1016-18.

Chapman GJ, Vale A, Buckley J, Scally AJ, and Elliott DB. (2010) Adaptive gait changes in presbyopes adapted to contact lens monovision correction. Optometry & Vision Science; 30, 281-288.

Buckley JG, Jones SJ, and Johnson L. (2010) Age-differences in the free vertical moment during step descent. Clinical
Biomechanics; 25(2), 147-153.

Graci V, Elliott DB, and Buckley JG. (2010) Utility of Peripheral versus Central Visual Cues in Planning and controlling
Adaptive Gait. Optometry & Vision Science; 87(1): 21-27.

Profile last updated on: 16-05-2016